T. aquaticus is a bacterium that lives in hot springs and hydrothermal vents, and Taq was identified as an enzyme able to withstand the protein-denaturing conditions, namely, high temperature, required during PCR. Therefore it replaced E.coli DNA polymerase in PCR. Taq's temperature optimum for activity is 75-80Â°C with a halflife of 9 min at 97.5Â°C. 
One of Taq's drawbacks is its low replication fidelity since it lacks a 3' to 5'exonucleaseproofreadingactivity; thus it has an error rate of about one in 9,000 nucleotides.  It can amplify a 1-kb strand of DNA in roughly 30-60 seconds at 72Â°C. Some thermostable DNA polymerases, such as Pfu DNA polymerase that have been isolated from other thermophilic bacteria possess 3'-5'exonuclease proofreading activity and are being used instead of, or in combination with, Taq in PCR for high-fidelity amplification of DNA.
Taq yields DNA products that have A (Adenine) overhangs at their 3' ends. This is may be useful in 'TA Cloning,' whereby a cloning vector (such as a plasmid) is used which has a T (Thymine) 3' overhang, which complements with the A overhang of the PCR product, thus enabling ligation of the PCR product into the plasmid vector.
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â†‘ "High-level expression, purification, and enzymatic characterization of full-length Thermus aquaticus DNA polymerase and a truncated form deficient in 5' to 3' exonuclease activity PCR Methods Appl. 1993 ".
â†‘ "Fidelity of DNA synthesis by the Thermus aquaticus DNA polymerase Biochemistry 1988 ".