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[Membrane Transport, Structure, Function, and Biogenesis] Precursor Protein Is Readily Degraded in Mitochondrial Matrix Space if the Leader Is Not Processed by Mitochondrial Processing Peptidase

[Membrane Transport, Structure, Function, and Biogenesis] Precursor Protein Is Readily Degraded in Mitochondrial Matrix Space if the Leader Is Not Processed by Mitochondrial Processing Peptidase - Science News and Views

[Membrane Transport, Structure, Function, and Biogenesis] Precursor Protein Is Readily Degraded in Mitochondrial Matrix Space if the Leader Is Not Processed by Mitochondrial Processing Peptidase - The latest news and publications from Nature, Science, Cell and other journals. Post science topics and your thoughts here. Anything science related goes here.


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Old 12-14-2007, 02:47 PM
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Default [Membrane Transport, Structure, Function, and Biogenesis] Precursor Protein Is Readily Degraded in Mitochondrial Matrix Space if the Leader Is Not Processed by Mitochondrial Processing Peptidase



[Membrane Transport, Structure, Function, and Biogenesis] Precursor Protein Is Readily Degraded in Mitochondrial Matrix Space if the Leader Is Not Processed by Mitochondrial Processing Peptidase

It is not known why leader peptides are removed by the mitochondrial processing peptidase after import into the matrix space. The leaders of yeast aldehyde dehydrogenase (pALDH) and malate dehydrogenase were mutated so that they would not be processed after import. The recombinant nonprocessed precursor of yeast pALDH possessed a similar specific activity as the corresponding mature form but was much less stable. The nonprocessed pALDH was transformed into a yeast strain missing ALDHs. The transformed yeast grew slowly on ethanol as the sole carbon source showing that the nonprocessed precursor was functional in vivo. Western blot analysis showed that the amount of precursor was 15-20% of that found in cells transformed with the native enzyme. Pulse-chase experiments revealed that the turnover rate for the nonprocessed precursor was greater than that of the mature protein indicating that the nonprocessed precursor could have been degraded. By using carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone, we showed that the nonprocessed precursor was degraded in the matrix space. The nonprocessed precursor forms of precursor yeast malate dehydrogenase and rat liver pALDH also were degraded in the matrix space of HeLa cell mitochondria faster than their corresponding mature forms. In the presence of o-phenanthroline, an inhibitor of mitochondrial processing peptidase, the wild type precursor was readily degraded in the matrix space. Collectively, this study showed that the precursor form is less stable in the matrix space than is the mature form and provides an explanation for why the leader peptide is removed from the precursors.
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biogenesis , degraded , function , leader , matrix , membrane , mitochondrial , peptidase , precursor , processed , processing , protein , readily , space , structure , transport


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