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[Mechanisms Of Signal Transduction] Down-regulation of Phosphoglucose Isomerase/Autocrine Motility Factor Expression Sensitizes Human Fibrosarcoma Cells to Oxidative Stress Leading to Cellular Senescence

[Mechanisms Of Signal Transduction] Down-regulation of Phosphoglucose Isomerase/Autocrine Motility Factor Expression Sensitizes Human Fibrosarcoma Cells to Oxidative Stress Leading to Cellular Senescence - Science News and Views

[Mechanisms Of Signal Transduction] Down-regulation of Phosphoglucose Isomerase/Autocrine Motility Factor Expression Sensitizes Human Fibrosarcoma Cells to Oxidative Stress Leading to Cellular Senescence - The latest news and publications from Nature, Science, Cell and other journals. Post science topics and your thoughts here. Anything science related goes here.


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Default [Mechanisms Of Signal Transduction] Down-regulation of Phosphoglucose Isomerase/Autocrine Motility Factor Expression Sensitizes Human Fibrosarcoma Cells to Oxidative Stress Leading to Cellular Senescence



[Mechanisms Of Signal Transduction] Down-regulation of Phosphoglucose Isomerase/Autocrine Motility Factor Expression Sensitizes Human Fibrosarcoma Cells to Oxidative Stress Leading to Cellular Senescence

Phosphoglucose isomerase/autocrine motility factor (PGI/AMF) is a housekeeping gene product present in all cells, is an essential enzyme of catabolic glycolysis and anabolic gluconeogenesis, and regulates tumor cell growth and metastasis. Because glycolytic enzyme up-regulation of expression contributes to glycolytic flux, leading to increased of cell growth and a resistance to cellular stress of normal fibroblasts whereas down-regulation of PGI/AMF leads to mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition in tumor cells, we examined the involvement of PGI/AMF in overcoming cellular senescence in cancer cells. PGI/AMF cellular expression in HT1080 human fibrosarcoma was down-regulated by small interfering RNA methodology, which resulted in an increased sensitivity to oxidative stress and oxidative stress-induced cellular senescence. Signaling analysis revealed that the senescence pathway involving p21 cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor was up-regulated in PGI/AMF knockdown cells and that superoxide dismutase is the upstream regulator protein of p21-mediated cellular senescence. A specific inhibitor of PGI/AMF induced cellular senescence and p21 expression in tumor cells exposed to an oxidative stress environment. Taken together, the results presented here suggest that PGI/AMF is involved in oxidative stress-induced cellular senescence and should bring novel insights into the control of cellular growth leading to a new methodology for cancer treatment.
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cells , cellular , downregulation , expression , factor , fibrosarcoma , human , isomerase or autocrine , leading , mechanisms , motility , oxidative , phosphoglucose , senescence , sensitizes , signal , stress , transduction


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