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Simply put, MOVING DIMENSIONS THEORY is THE NEW MODEL: http://physicsmathforums.com - Physics Forum. Discuss and ask physics questions, kinematics and other physics problems.

Simply put, MOVING DIMENSIONS THEORY is THE NEW MODEL: http://physicsmathforums.com

DYNAMIC DIMENSIONS THEORY
PHYSICS RIDES BEYOND NOT EVEN WRONG
THE LONE COWBOY PHYSICIST WHO CALLED THE BILLION DOLLAR STRING THEORY
BLUFF AND FACED DOWN THE POSTMODERN PHYSICS POSSE WITH A 45
REVOLVER-TRUTH, BEAUTY, & PHYSICS

by

THE PHYSICIST WITH NO NAME

If at first the idea is not absurd, then there is no hope for it.
-Albert Einstein

Every great advance in science has issued from a new audacity of the
imagination. -John Dewey, The Quest For Certainty

There ain't no rules around here! We're trying to accomplish something!
-Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) U. S. inventor.

All religions, arts and sciences are branches of the same tree. All
these aspirations are directed toward ennobling man's life, lifting it
from the sphere of mere physical existence and leading the individual
towards freedom.
-Albert Einstein

FREEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEDOOOOOOOOOOOM!!!!!!-William Wallace in Braveheart

INTRODUCTION
In this day and age of unprecedented hype, hand-waving, and hoaxes in
theoretical physics, Dynamic Dimensions Theory rocks the universe with
a simple postulate.
The object of science is to unify formerly disparate phenomena within
a deeper framework, and Dynamic Dimensions Theory unifies both Quantum
Mechanics and Relativity with a simple framework.
For instance, both the results of the double-slit experiment and length
contraction o relativity are suddenly understood in the profound
context of Dynamic Dimensions Theory.
The famous equation E=mc2 is presented in a deeper context, finally
accounting for the deeper physical reality that gives massive energies
to small masses seemingly at rest.
Godel's paradox of block-time is resolved, and action at a distance
and quantum entanglement are explained within the simple framework of
Dynamic Dimensions Theory.
The arrow of time and entropy-the second law of thermodynamics-are
accounted for, and time dialation is explained.
Dynamic dimensions theory is a theory so revolutionary that it may be
banned from the academy for years, as health benefits and tenure are
far more important than truth, logic, and reason in today's
postmodern academies.
And at last time is explained as a phenomenon that emerges from a
deeper physical reality.

THE GENERAL POSTULATE
OF DYNAMIC DIMENSIONS THEORY
The fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial
dimensions.

THE SPECIFIC POSTULATE
OF DYNAMIC DIMENSIONS THEORY
The fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial
dimensions at the rate of c in units of the Planck length, giving rise
to time and all classical, quantum mechanical, and relativistic
phenomena.

DDT IN BRIEF
Without further adieu, allow me to present the beauty and elegance of
DDT by showing both its simplicity and far-reaching ability to account
for and answer fundamental questions. All of the below will be
elaborated on throughout the book.

Questions Addressed by MDT:

Why are light and energy quantized? The fourth dimension is expanding
in a quantized manner relative to the three spatial dimensions. Light
and energy are matter rotated completely into the fourth expanding
dimension, and as it expands in a quantized manner, light and energy
are thus quantized.

Why is the velocity of light constant in all frames? Time is an
emergent phenomena that arises because the fourth dimension is
expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions. The flow of time
is inextricably wed to the emission and propagation of photons. In all
biological, mechanical, and electronic clocks, the emission and
propagation of photons is what determines time. The velocity of light
is always measured with respect to time, which is inextricably linked
to the velocity of light. This tautology ensures that the velocity of
light, measured relative to the velocity of light, will always be the
same.

How can photons display both wave and particle properties? The
fundamental photon propagates as a spherical wave-front, surfing the
fourth expanding dimension. The act of measurement localizes the
photon's momenergy, and it appears as a particle.

How can matter display both wave and particle properties? The
fundamental electron is abuzz with photons. Photons are continually
being emitted into the fourth expanding dimension and reabsorbed by the
electron. The continual dance with these photons give the electron
its wave properties.

Why are there non-local effects in quantum mechanics? The fourth
dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions. That
means that what begins as a point in the fourth dimension is a sphere
with an 186,000 mile radius one second later. So it is that the entire
spherical wavefront of the photon exists in the exact same place in
time. Hence the non-locality observed in double slit experiments, the
EPR effect, and quantum entanglement.

Why does time stop at the speed of light?
Time depends on the emission and propagation of photons. If no photons
are emitted, time does not occur. As an object approaches the speed of
light, its ability to emit photons without reabsorbing them diminishes.

How come a photon does not age?
A photon represents momenergy rotated entirely into the fourth
expanding dimension. A photon stays the exact same place in time, no
matter how far it travels.

Why are inertial mass and gravitational mass the same thing?

Why do moving bodies exhibit length contraction?
Movement is always accompanied by a shortening in length. This is
because the only way for a body to move is for it to undergo a rotation
into the forth dimension, which is expanding relative to the three
spatial dimensions. The more energy an electron has, the more photons
it possesses, and the higher probability it exists in the expanding
fourth dimension. Hence its length appears contracted as perceived
from the three spatial dimensions.

Why are mass and energy equivalent?
The fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial
dimensions. That means that a baseball sitting on our table,
stationary in our three-dimensional reference frame, is yet moving at a
fantastic velocity relative to the fourth dimension. Hence every
seemingly stationary mass has a vast energy, as given by E=mc2. In a
nuclear reaction matter is roted into the expanding fourth dimension,
appearing as high-enegery gamma rays propagating at the same velocity
of the fourth expanding dimension.

Why does time's arrow point in the direction it points in? The fourth
dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions. Hence
every photon naturally expands in a spherically symmetric manner.
Hence every electron, or piece of matter, is naturally carried outward
from a central point in a spherically symmetric manner. Hence a drop
of dye in a swimming pool dissipates in a spherically symmetric manner,
and is never reunited. Hence time's arrow and entropy.

Why do photons appear as spherically-symmetric wavefronts traveling at
a velocity c? The fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three
spatial dimensions at the velocity c. Hence photons, which are tiny
packets of momenergy rotated entirely into the fourth dimension, appear
as spherically-symmetric wavefronts propagating at the velocity c.

Why is there a minus sign in the following metric?
x^2+y^2+z^2-c^2t^2=s^2
The fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial
dimensions at the velocity c. Hence the only way to stay still in the
space-time continuum, and to achieve a 0 interval, is to move with the
velocity of light.

What deeper reality underlies Einstein's postulates of relativity?
The fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial
dimensions at the velocity c. This single postulate assures that the
speed of light is constant for all observers and that the laws of
physics are the same in all inertial frames.

What deeper reality underlies Newton's laws?
Newton's laws are an approximation of relativity and quantum
mechanics, and as MDT underlies QM & relativity, it underlies
Newton's laws.

How MDT Is Aiding Fellow Physicists

"The conclusions from Bell's theorem are philosophically startling;
either one must totally abandon the realistic philosophy of most
working scientists or dramatically revise our concept of space-time."
-Abner Shimony and John Clauser

Moving Dimensions Theory provides this new concept of space-time. The
vast ambitions of most tenure-track physicists, including string
theorists and LQG hypers, causes them to focus on irrelevant, minute
questions, and thus, though funded by millions for over thirty years,
have not yet been able to string the bow. Deeper, true physicists,
such as Abner Shimony and John Clauser are alert to the fact that
physics need news ideas.
The expanding fourth dimension gives rise to non-local phenomena and
quantum entanglement, as the expanding fourth dimension means that two
events separated in the three spatial dimensions can yet appear to be
at the exact same place in the fourth dimension. MDT thus provides the
new concept of space-time.

"For me, then, this is the real problem with quantum theory: the
apparently essential conflict between any sharp formulation and
fundamental relativity. It may be that a real synthesis of quantum and
relativity theories requires not just technical developments but
radical conceptual renewal." -John Bell

Moving Dimensions Theory provides this radical conceptual renewal. The
expanding fourth dimension gives rise to non-local phenomena and
quantum entanglement, as the expanding fourth dimension means that two
events separated in the three spatial dimensions can yet appear to be
at the exact same place in the fourth dimension. MDT thus provides the
new concept of space-time.

"Entanglement is not one but rather the characteristic trait of quantum
mechanics." -Erwin Schrodinger

The expanding fourth dimension gives rise to non-local phenomena and
quantum entanglement, as the expanding fourth dimension means that two
events separated in the three spatial dimensions can yet be at the
exact same place in the fourth dimension. MDT thus provides the new
concept of space-time.

"The discovery of the quantum of action shows us not only the natural
limitation of classical physics, but, by throwing a new light upon the
old philsophical problem of the objective existence of phenomena
indepedently of our observations, confronts us with a situation
hitherto unknown in natural science." -Niels Bohr

The expanding fourth dimension gives rise to non-local phenomena and
quantum entanglement, as the expanding fourth dimension means that two
events separated in the three spatial dimensions can yet appear to be
at the exact same place in the fourth dimension. MDT thus provides the
new concept of space-time.

"I think we need a new way to look at time, not either Quantum
Mechanics or Relativity." -Roger Penrose

Time is an emergent property of a fourth dimension that is expanding
relative to the three spatial dimensions. Thus it inherits properties
of the fourth expanding dimension, but time is not the fourth expanding
dimension. MDT underlies time and explains time on a more fundamental
level.

"Should we be prepared to see some day a new structure for the
foundations of physics that does away with time? . . . Yes, because
'time' is in trouble." -John Wheeler

Time is an emergent property of a fourth dimension that is expanding
relative to the three spatial dimensions. Thus it inherits properties
of the fourth expanding dimension, but time is not the fourth expanding
dimension. MDT underlies time and explains time on a more fundamental
level.

"Time is clothed in a different garment for each role it plays in our
thinking." -John Wheeler

Time is an emergent property of a fourth dimension that is expanding
relative to the three spatial dimensions. Thus it inherits properties
of the fourth expanding dimension, but time is not the fourth expanding
dimension. MDT underlies time and explains time on a more fundamental
level.

"The word time came not from heaven but form the mouth of man." -John
Wheeler

Time is an emergent property of a fourth dimension that is expanding
relative to the three spatial dimensions. Thus it inherits properties
of the fourth expanding dimension, but time is not the fourth expanding
dimension. MDT underlies time and explains time on a more fundamental
level.

"My ideas about time all developed from the realization that if nothing
were to change we could not say that times passes. Change is primary,
time, if it exists at all, is something we deduce from it. My Italian
collaborator Bruno Bertotti and I found that the deep structure of
Einstein's general theory of relativity does correspond to this truth.
It is telling us that time does not exist as an independent thing and
that change is indeed primary. However, this is in the framework of
so-called classical physics, the form of physics that developed before
quantum mechanics was discovered. When the idea that time has no
independent existence is combined with the basic facts of quantum
mechanics in the simplest possible way, the implications are startling.
.. .The quantum universe is static. Only timeless Nows exist. The
quantum rules give them different probabilities. We experience the most
probable Nows as individual instants of time. The appearance of motion
and a flow of time are both illusions created by very special structure
of the instants that we experience." -Julian Barbour, [Only registered users see links. ]

Time is an emergent property of a fourth dimension that is expanding
relative to the three spatial dimensions. Thus it inherits properties
of the fourth expanding dimension, but time is not the fourth expanding
dimension. MDT underlies time and explains time on a more fundamental
level.

"The mystery of time's arrow is the oldest problem in science
concerning the nature of time, predating even the theory of
relativity." -Paul Davies, About Time

MDT accounts for Time's Arrow: The fourth dimension is expanding
relative to the three spatial dimensions. Photons are momenergy
rotated entirely into this expanding fourth dimension. Hence any group
of photons originating from a central point will be found distant to
one-another. Hence every photon naturally expands in a spherically
symmetric manner. Hence every electron, or piece of matter, is
naturally carried outward from a central point in a spherically
symmetric manner. Hence a drop of dye in a swimming pool dissipates in
a spherically symmetric manner, and is never reunited. Hence time's
arrow and entropy.

Moving Dimensions Theory & On The Advancement Of Physics

Physics has been furthered far more often by a rugged individual
acknowledging the simple and obvious in a pursuit of the truth than
book-keepers-in-training playing games in the abstruse in pursuit of
tenure. The advancement of physics has ever depended far more on
logic, reason, and Truth than government grants, tenure, group think,
peer-reviewed journals, and aging bureaucracies. "That is the way
things are because that is the way things are," has lead to far more
physics than the contemporary, "things can't be that way because the
math dictates that we live in thirty-three dimensions and four are
curled up, and that is what NSF is funding."

When nobody could measure nor detect the supposed ether, Einstein
proclaimed, "there is no ether." When experiments showed that light
existed only in quantized packets, Einstein proclaimed that light only
existed in quantized packets, and he won the Nobel Prize. When spectra
from atoms showed discreet energies, Niels Bohr proclaimed that
electrons orbits were quantized, and he received a Nobel Prize. When
Maxwell's Equations had a recurring constant, Maxwell used c to denote
it, and Einstein proclaimed that the speed of light must be constant
for all observers-and so Special Relativity was born. When Einstein
juxtaposed objects falling towards the earth getting closer together
with the fact that two people starting at the equator, walking on
originally parallel lines of longitude towards the North Pole, would
come together because they were walking on a curve surface, Einstein
proclaimed that the space-time around a massive object must also be
curved. This along with Einstein's realization that the force of
gravity would be rendered null in free-fall, lead to General
Relativity.

And so it is that in the above paragraph you have the roots of the
greatest achievements of physics in the past 100+ years, dwarfing
String Theory, Loop Quantum Gravity, and thousands of their variatons,
which deal in the abstruse, complicated, muddled, and mythological
worlds which are safe from physics simple rigor.

Moving Dimensions Theory returns us to simpler times. It starts with
the simple and keeps it simple. Light travels with a maximum velocity
of c, because the fourth dimension is expanding at a rate relative to
the three spatial dimensions at the velocity of c. A photon expands
through space in a spherically symmetric manner. This is because the
fourth dimension expands through the three spatial dimensions in a
spherically symmetric manner. Energy and mass are equivalent, expressed
by E=mc^2, because energy is nothing more than mass rotated into the
expanding fourth dimension. The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen effect (EPR)
effect, which calls instantaneous action at a distance "spooky," can be
accounted for by the expanding dimension-as a point expands, it is yet
a single locale in that dimension, and hence though separated by
distance in space, interacting particles may be in the same place in
the time dimension, and hence connected. The null vector of the photon,
which remains 0 no matter how far the photon travels in space-time, may
be accounted for by the fact that the fourth dimension is moving, and
thus the only way to stay still in the four dimensions is to move with
along with the expanding dimension. In Lorentzian Transformations,
there is no way for an object to be rotated into the time dimension
without it moving-this can be explained by the fact that the time
dimension is expanding. All wave-particle duality can be seen as the
result of the universe's existence upon a reality that has three
stationary spatial dimensions and one expanding time dimension-when
matter exists in the stationary dimensions, it is seen as mass, or a
particle. When matter exists in the time dimension it is seen as wave,
or a photon, or energy. Depending how we choose to observer matter
determines whether we observe its wave or particle properties. Photons
are quantized bundles of energy that propagate at the velocity of
c-this is because the fourth dimension is expanding relative to the
three spatial dimensions in a quantized manner, in units of Planck's
length at the rate of c. The Second Law of Thermodyamics, or the law of
Entropy, states that the universe tends towards disorder. This is
because the fourth dimension is expanding in a spherically symmetric
manner, constantly carrying all photons and interacting particles away
from one another-thus a drop of food coloring in a pool will be carried
outward and evenly distributed. In 1949 Godel published a paper showing
that within the theory of relativity, time as we understand it, does
not exist. Einstein recognized Godel's paper as "an important
contribution to the general theory of relativity," and since then
physicists have not been able to find any logical shortcomings in
Godel's work, and nobody has been able to account for the existence of
time. But the Theory of Moving Dimensions accounts for time as we know
it by showing that it is an emergent property of the underlying
dimension's intrinsic relative movement. Relativity becomes
increasingly exact at long-length scales but fails at short ones
because space-time itself is quantized, as the time dimension is
expanding in units of the Planck length.

The concept of general relativity's smooth geometry, at large scales,
disappears on short-distance scales-this has been a problem to string
theorists, but only because they were never bold enough to recognize
that's the way it is because that's the way it is. Realizing this might
have lead one of them to see that the fourth dimension is expanding at
a rate of c relative to the three spatial dimensions. So it is seen
that Moving Dimensions Theory offers a simple model upon which all
known phenomena of Relativity and Quantum Mechanics may rest. And
because the underlying architecture of the universe is
quantized-because the fourth dimension expands at the rate of c in
units of the Planck length relative to the three spatial dimensions,
quantum mechanics works for the small, while general relativity works
for the large. That is the way it is because that is the way it
is-this was the realization that lead to the postulate of MDT: the
fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions.

Are New Ideas Important in Physics?

String theorists don't make predictions, they make excuses.
-Richard Feynman

An important scientific innovation rarely makes its way by gradually
winning over and converting its opponents: What does happen is that the
opponents gradually die out. -Max Planck

....I do feel strongly that this is nonsense! ...I think all this
superstring stuff is crazy and is in the wrong direction. ... I don't
like it that they're not calculating anything. ...why are the masses
of the various particles such as quarks what they are? All these
numbers ... have no explanations in these string theories - absolutely
none! ... -Richard Feynman in Davies and Brown, Superstrings,
Cambridge 1988, pp. 194-195.

String theory is the Enron of physics, and like Enron, it is but the
tip of the iceberg of the widespread group-think decline. Where Enron
and Worldcom and Global Crossing lied to plunder pensions and
investors, String Theory lies to plunder tax and tuition dollars. With
millions of NSF dollars at stake, and billions more in the way of tax
and tuition, fashion and group-think are now held superior to logic and
reason in physics. And as in all totalitarian systems which hold
themselves above logic, reason, truth, justice, and practicality, the
worst are promoted, while the best are exiled. The group-think
sycophants get the postdocs, while the indie physicists must forage on
their own.
Are new ideas important in physics as prominent physicists so often
proclaim? If so, then why are young scientists with new ideas based in
logic, reason, and reality, so often castigated, impugned, and
crucified while those who quietly, passively, and uncreatively accept
the nonsensical, none-physics, crackpot mythologies of String Theory
and M-Theory rewarded with vast salaries, health benefits, TV shows,
book deals, and tenure?
I would very much like to discuss my new theory here, but I am
forbidden from even mentioning its name, as the String Theorists and
other fashionistas do not approve of theories with postulates based in
logic and reason. And so their multi-billion dollar myth is perpetuated
at the expense of logic, reason, and physics.
But time is on our side. And what is time? I am not allowed to say, as
my theory is banned for the moment.
The current state of physics has several Prominent Physicsists and
Great Thinkers spinning in their graves:
The world we have made as a result of the level of thinking we have
done thus far creates problems we cannot solve at the same level of
thinking at which we created them. -Albert Einstein

Common sense is the collection of prejudices acquired by the age of
eighteen. -Albert Einstein

The mere formulation of a problem is far more often essential than its
solution, which may be merely a matter of mathematical or experimental
skill. To raise new questions, new possibilities, to regard old
problems from a new angle requires creative imagination and marks real
advances in science. -Albert Einstein

Great spirits have always encountered violent opposition from mediocre
minds. -Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein's three rules of work:
1. Out of clutter, find simplicity.
2. From discord, find harmony.
3. In the middle of difficulty lies opportunity

Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler.
-Albert Einstein

The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious-it is
the source of all true art and science. -Albert Einstein

Science and art belong to the whole world, and before them vanish the
barriers of nationality. -Goethe

It is the tension between creativity and skepticism that has produced
the stunning and unexpected findings of science. -Carl Sagan

Inventions have long since reached their limit, and I see no hope for
further development. -Julius Sextus Frontinus, Highly regarded
engineer in Rome, 1st century A.D.

And if everybody says that you are wrong, then you are one step ahead.
But there is one situation which is better still, when everyone begins
to laugh about you, then you know you are two steps ahead. Albert
Szent-Gyorgi (Nobel-prize winning biochemist who discovered vitamin C)

One cannot step twice into the same river. -Heraclitus

While the rational mind is important, we gain a new perspective when we
learn how many of the greatest scientific insights, discoveries, and
revolutionary inventions appeared first to their creators as fantasies,
dreams, trances, lightening-flash insights, and other non-ordinary
states of consciousness. -Willis Harman and Howard Rheingold

"Let us learn to dream, gentlemen." -Kekule, famous for his
dream-inspired scientific breakthrough-discovering the molecular
structure of benzene, advised his fellow scientists:

Whenever you look at a piece of work and you think the fellow was
crazy, then you want to pay some attention to that. One of you is
likely to be, and you had better find out which one it is. It makes an
awful lot of difference. -Charles Franklin Kettering (1876-1958)
U.S. engineer and inventor.

An essential aspect of creativity is not being afraid to fail. -Dr.
Edwin Land

All sciences are now under the obligation to prepare the ground for
then future task of the philosopher, which is to solve the problem of
value, to determine the true hierarchy of values. -Friedrich
Nietzsche

I wish to be at any time hereafter only a yea-sayer!
-Friedrich Nietzsche

We must be physicists in order to be creative since so far codes of
values and ideals have been constructed in ignorance of physics or even
in contradiction to physics. -Friedrich Nietzsche

A thinker sees his own actions as experiments and questons.. as
attempts to find out something. Success and failure are for him answers
above all. -Friedrich Nietzsche

There are no facts, only interpretations. -Friedrich Nietzsche

If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.
-Isaac Newton

Max Planck, the father of quantum theory, felt that the pioneer
scientist must have a vivid intuitive imagination, for new ideas are
not generated by deduction, but by "artistically creative
imagination."

In "Shorter Bartlett's Familiar Quotations," by John Bartlett, 1937,
1980, 1992.

It is by intuition that we discover and by logic we prove. -Henri
Poincaré, Mathematician

Knowledge has three degrees-opinion, science, and illumination. The
means or instrument of the first is sense; of the second, dialectic; of
the third, intuition. This last is absolute knowledge founded on the
identity of the mind knowing with the object known. -Plotinus

If at first the idea is not absurd, then there is no hope for it.
-Albert Einstein

If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.
-Isaac Newton

Max Planck, the father of quantum theory, felt that the pioneer
scientist must have "a vivid intuitive imagination, for new ideas are
not generated by deduction, but by artistically creative imagination."

An important scientific innovation rarely makes its way by gradually
winning over and converting its opponents: What does happen is that the
opponents gradually die out. -Max Planck

It was bad enough, they say, when string theorists treated nonbelievers
as though they were a little slow-witted. Now, it seems, at least some
superstring advocates are ready to abandon the essential definition of
science itself on the basis that string theory is too important to be
hampered by old-fashioned notions of experimental proof. - Michael
Lemonick, Time Magazine, The Unraveling of String Theory, August 2006

In the mood for some no-holds-barred gossip or a nasty screed? Then
start browsing the physics blogosphere, where some exceedingly smart
people are spending an inordinate amount of time belittling one
another. Alas, even this magazine has come under attack. The cause of
all the commotion? Some nervy upstarts are questioning the validity of
string theory, which is to physics what Wal-Mart is to retail: the
biggest thing around, dominant for more than 20 years now. And woe unto
anyone who doubts the orthodoxy.... Tim Folger, Tangled Up In
Strings-Discover Magazine

The Scientific American review (of Peter Woit's Not Even Wrong) is by
George Johnson and entitled The Inelegant Universe. Johnson notes one
of his pieces for the New York Times six years ago carries what he now
sees as an embarassing headline: "Physicists Finally Find a Way to
Test Superstring Theory" (in his defense, this kind of headline is
still appearing in over-hyped articles about string theory to this
day). I've been a bit surprised at how friendly a reception
Smolin's book and mine have been getting so far from science writers.
I think one reason for this is that many of them have repeatedly over
the last twenty years written articles about string theory that repeat
a lot of the hype promising imminent success in producing predictions.
They've now been burned too many times and are very open to listening
to the critics. -Peter Woit's Rockin' Blog Not Even Wrong, [Only registered users see links. ]

In his autobiography Einstein said:

Before I enter upon a critique of mechanics as a foundation of
physics, something of a broadly general nature will first have to be
said concerning the points of view according to which it is possible to
criticize physical theories at all. The first point of view is obvious:
The theory must not contradict empirical facts. However evident this
demand may in the first place appear, its application turns out to be
quite delicate. For it is often, perhaps even always, possible to
adhere to a general theoretical foundation by securing the adaption of
the theory to the facts by means of artificial additional assumptions.
In any case, however, this first point of view is concerned with the
confirmation of the theoretical foundation by the available empirical
facts.
The second point of view is not concerned with the relation to
the material of observation but with the premises of the theory itself,
with what may briefly but vaguely be characterized as the "naturalness"
or " logical simplicity" of the premises (of the basic concepts and of
the relations between these which are taken as a basis). This point of
view, an exact formulation of which meets with great difficulties, has
played an important role in the selection and evaluation of theories
since time immemorial. The problem here is not simply one of a kind of
enumeration of the logically independent premises (if anything like
this were at all unequivocally possible), but that of a kind of
reciprocal weighing of incommeasurable qualities. Furthermore, among
theories of equally "simple" foundation that one is to be taken as
superior which most sharply delimits the qualities of system in the
abstract (i.e., contains that most definite claims). Of the "realm" of
theories I need not speak here, inasmuch as we are confining ourselves
to such theories whose object is the totality of all physical
appearances. The second point of view may briefly be characterized as
concerning itself with the "inner perfection" of the theory, whereas
the first point of view refers to the "external confirmation." The
following I reckon as also belonging to the "inner perfection" of a
theory: we prize a theory more highly if, from the logical standpoint,
it is not the result of an arbitrary choice among theories which, among
themselves, are of equal value and analogously constructed.
Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist, Volume One,
1949, Autobiographical Notes, p 21--23,
Open Court, Cambridge University Press.

Imagine two photons originating at the same point. As they travel at
the speed of light, they yet remain at the exact same place in time.
One second later one is measured to be 186,000 miles to the left of its
origin. The other is measured to be 186,000 miles to the right of its
origin. Though separated by 372,000 miles, they are at the exact same
place in time. This is because the fourth dimension is expanding
relative to the three spatial dimensions.

Picture a 1 kg weight sitting on a table. It yet has a vast energy
associated with it, proportional to E=mc2. This is because although
stationary in the three spatial dimensions, it is yet traveling through
the fourth dimension at c. This is because the fourth dimension is
expanding at the rate of c relative to the three spatial dimenions.

MOVING DIMENSIONS THEORY
ABSTRACT
Moving Dimensions Theory accounts for and unifies general relativity
and quantum mechanics by postulating that the fourth dimension is
expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions in units of the
Planck length at the rate of c. In addition to providing a deeper
framework for the two theories, MDT offers an underlying context
accounting for quantum mechanical, relativistic, and classical physics.
Phenomena including wave-particle duality, interference phenomena, the
spherical symmetry of photon propagation, action at a distance, the
uncertainty principle, the gravitational redshift, time dilation,
Lorentzian contraction, time's arrow, the equivalence of mass and
energy, and time itself are accounted for within this deeper framework.
The above physical phenomena and many more, spanning quantum mechanics
and relativity, can be seen as arising from MDT's postulate. Time is
not the fourth dimension, but a phenomena that emerges because the
fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions,
resolving Godel's block universe paradox and Zeno's paradox.
..

1. The First Postulate of Moving Dimensions Theory
MDT's General Postulate: The fourth dimension is expanding relative
to the three spatial dimensions.

MDT's Specific Postulate: The fourth dimension is expanding relative
to the three spatial dimensions in units of the Planck length at the
rate of c.

2. It's As Simple As a Photon's Spherically Symmetric Wavefront
A photon propagates at the velocity c as a sphereically-symmetric
wavefron. The spherical symmetry of the photon's wavefront may be
viewed as the result of matter (momenergy) having been rotated into the
fourth dimension-the matter has become orthogonal to the spatial
dimensions, and it is now expanding along with the fourth dimension,
equally in all directions. Thus we may conclude that the fourth
dimension is expanding equally in all directions as a spherically
symmetric manner wherever space-time is flat. In regions of curved
space-time, the fourth dimension expands in a manner dictated by the
local curvature. Thus a photon emitted from the sun will appear
stretched, or red-shifted, when it is observed far away from the sun.

3. All Objects Travel Through Space-Time With The Velocity c

Einstein noted that all objects travel through space-time with the
velocity c.

This never changes.

This fact underlies the conservation principles.

And underlying the conservation principles is the fact that the fourth
dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions.

Even though we perceive a ruler along the x axis to be stationary, it
is yet traveling through space-time at the fixed speed of c, implying
that time is moving through it. Rotate the ruler towards the y axis,
and its projection upon the x axis shortens, yet it still appears to be
stationary, and it is still traveling through space-time at the rate of
c.

Rotate the ruler into the fourth dimension, known as the time
dimension, and its projection along the x axis shortens, according to
relativity and the Lorentz contraction. The ruler begins to propagate
through the three spatial dimensions, while maintaining the fixed speed
of c through space-time. The ruler moves through the three spatial
dimensions as it is rotated into the time dimension because the time
dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions.

4. Brian Green & Einstein Support Moving Dimensions Theory
As Brian Greene points out in the Appendix to Chapter 2 of The Elegant
Universe, "we note that from the space-time position 4-vector
x=(ct,x1,x2,x3), we can create the velocity 4-vector u=dx/d(tau), where
tau is the proper time defined by
d(tau)^2=dt^2-c^-2(dx1^2+dx2^2+dx3^2). Then the "speed through
space-time" is the magnitude of the 4-vector u,
((c^2dt^2-dx^2)/(dt^2-c^-2dx^2))^(1/2), which is identically the speed
of light c. Now, we can rearrange the equation
c^2(dt/d(tau))^2-(dx/d(tau))^2=c^2 to be c^2(d(tau)/dt))^2
+(dx/d(tau))^2=c^2. This shows that an increase of an object's speed
through space, (dx/d(tau))^2)^(1/2)= dx/d(tau) must be accompanied by a
decrease in d(tau)/dt which is the object's speed through time, which
also may be considered the rate at which time elapses on it's own clock
d(tau) or the proper time, as compared with that on our stationary
clock dt."

5. Surfing A Wave Analogy : The Birth of Moving Dimensions Theory
Here's a good analogy of "surfing a wave" that sheds light on Moving
Dimensions Theory.

A few years back, while surfing a towering wave on the Outer Banks of
North Carolina, a beautiful thought occurred to me. Suppose the wave I
was riding represented a coordinate in a dimension. Then although I was
approaching shore, I was not moving in this dimension. The dimension
itself was moving-I was stationary with respect to this dimension,
but moving relative to other dimensions. I was "surfing" a moving
dimension.

The General Postulate of Moving Dimensions Theory: The fourth dimension
is expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions.

In a flash I saw that that is why photons never age-they are moving
along with the fourth dimension, and thus stationary relative to the
fourth dimension, while moving at the velocity of light relative to the
three spatial dimensions.

And behold! I saw that "moving dimensions" explained the equivalence of
mass and energy. E=mc2 arose because whenever matter "surfs" the
expanding time dimension, it appears as energy in the three spatial
dimensions. In another flash I saw that that is why a photon's
space-time interval is represented by a null vector, or a 0, no matter
how far it travels through space.

Indeed, in his special theory of relativity, Einstein stated that an
object's velocity through space-time is always c. This means that even
objects stationary in the three spatial dimensions yet have a velocity
c through the fourth dimension. How could this be unless the fourth
dimension is moving relative to the three spatial dimensions? Even
"stationary" objects sitting on your desk are traveling at the velocity
c through time! How could this be were it not that the fourth dimension
is traveling at the velocity c relative to the object that is
stationary in the three spatial dimensions? Thus there exists a fourth
expanding dimension, which matter can surf as photons, giving rise to
our notion of time, as well as the equivalence of mass and energy in
E=mc^2. And so it is that Moving Dimensions Theory was born as the
wave crested and crashed about me, thundering on down, as I fought to
remain surfing amidst the foam, facing the setting sun silhouetting the
Hatteras light.

6. What Does It Mean For A Dimension to Move?
Einstein's well-regarded theory of General Relativity inherently
necessitates the reality of moving dimensions. And yet some trained
physicists have a knee-jerk reaction that the fourth dimension cannot
be moving because "dimensions cannot move." But dimensions can and do
move relative to one-another. First off, since the universe is
expanding, space-time is also expanding, demonstrating that dimensions
are moving and expanding. Secondly, general relativity demonstrates
that massive objects warp space-time, meaning that as a massive object
moves though space-time, it stretches space-time, showing again that
space-time in one area can move, or deform, relative to space-time in
another area. GR is a sound theory, backed up with multiple
high-profile experiments, including the demonstration that starlight is
bent by the sun and the verification that orbiting stars radiate energy
in the form of gravity waves.

Thus there exist neither philosophical nor physical barriers to the
concept of moving dimensions, but for artificial ones within lazy
minds. A curious sign of the times is that some physicists will accept
on blind faith the existence of ten, twenty, or thirty dimensions,
dimensions that are mysteriously "curled up," or "too small to
measure," and yet they will reel in shock and horror at a perfectly
obvious postulate-the fourth dimension is expanding relative to the
three spatial dimensions.

7. MDT & The Purpose of Physics
The purpose of physics has ever been to unify diverse physical
phenomena with simple postulates, laws, and formulas reflecting the
deeper physical reality. MDT unifies relativity and quantum mechanics
by positing that they are both emergent properties of moving
dimensions. MDT's simple postulate-the fourth dimension is
expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions-offers the first
satisfactory explanation of the Einstein Podolsky Rosen (EPR) effect
and the nonlocal behavior inherent to the math and physical reality of
quantum mechanics. Time itself is viewed not as the fourth dimension,
but as an emergent phenomena arising from the expansion of the fourth
dimension relative to the three spatial dimensions. This logic
alleviates a confusion of time with an actual fourth dimension where
one can travel back and forth at will, thus addressing Godel's,
Einstein's, Hawking's, Barbour's, and Penrose's concerns about frozen
time, and accounting for time's relentless arrow, the second law of
thermodynamics, and entropy. MDT 1) unifies disparate phenomena within
a common underlying framework 2) resolves the paradoxes of time travel
3) accounts for the natural wave-particle duality of all mass and
energy, and 4) accounts for hitherto strange behavior noted n Bell's
inequalities and the EPR paradox.

6. Rotations Into 4th Dimension Are Always Accompanied by Acceleration
in Spatial Dimensions
Simply put, it is not possible to rotate an object into the fourth
dimension without that object gaining a velocity. Thus the time
dimension itself must be expanding relative to the three spatial
dimensions. Another way of looking at this is asking, "Why does
something always move when it is rotated out of the three spatial
dimensions and into the time dimension?" If someone can conduct a
Lorentz transformation on a ruler, and rotate it into the time
dimension without it moving through the three spatial dimensions, I
would very much like to hear about it.

7. Einstein's Two Postulates Restated by MDT's Single Postulate
I. The laws of physical phenomena are the same in all inertial frames.
II. The velocity of light in free space is a universal constant,
independent of any relative motion of the source and the observer.

MDT proposes that the two postulates can be expressed in an alternative
manner, by stating the following law of moving dimensions:

I. The fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial
dimensions.

This can be illustrated in several ways: Consider an expression for the
space-time interval of zero length, or of the null vector, which traces
a photon's path through space-time:

x^2+y^2+z^2-c^2t^2=0
or
x^2+y^2+z^2=c^2t^2

Which for one spatial dimension becomes
x^2=c^2t^2

or x=ct

by taking the derivative of both sides with respect to t, we get

dx/dt = d/dt (ct) = c

so

dx/dt = c

And hence the time rate of change of the spatial dimension relative to
the time rate of change of the time dimension is equal to the velocity
of light.

8. The Worldline of a Photon-Stationary in Space-time = Moving
Through Space

ct| /
| /
| /
| /
| /
|/_______________
x

Also, if we trace the path of a photon on a space-time diagram, the
only way for a photon to remain stationary in space-time is to move at
the speed of light.

Think about this.

In order to stay stationary in space-time, the photon must propagate
through space with the velocity c. It must keep up with the expanding
fourth dimension in order to have zero net movement through space-time.

The null vector, which represents a vector of zero length in
space-time, can only imply zero movement through space-time. Even
though a photon moves through space at a velocity equal to c, it stays
stationary in space-time. Is it not strange at first that in order to
remain stationary in space time, a photon moves through space? This is
because the fourth dimension itself is moving relative to space.

Moving Clocks Emit Less Photons = Moving Clocks Run Slow
As an object accelerates through space, it is rotated more and more
into the expanding fourth dimension. Less wave fronts of the expanding
fourth dimension, which can carry away photons, are allowed to pass
through it. Thus a moving clock will run slower, as all clocks are
based on the probabilistic emission and propagation of photons, and as
a moving clock catches up with the expanding wavefront of time, the
chance that a photon will be emitted without being reabsorbed is
diminished. Simply put, the faster a clock propagates, the more
likely it is to reabsorb a photon, and as an object ceases to emit
photons, it ceases to age, as all aging, be it the unwinding of a clock
spring, the oscillations of a quartz crystal, or biochemical reactions,
are inherently related to the emission of photons.

A Photon Preserves its Fourth Dimension Geometry as it Propagates:
Gravitational Redshift
Spacetime is stretched near to massive objects, relative to far away
spacetime. Thus a photon generated close to a massive object will be
red-shifted when observed far away from the massive object. For when
the photon is emitted, it is emitted at a certain frequency which is
really the ratio of its length in space relative to its length in time.
Its length in time is conserved, and as it propagates it encounters an
underlying unstretched metric, or unstretched spacetime, and thus it
itself appears to be stretched, or red-shifted.

MDT Explains The Shapiro Time Delay Effect
The Shapiro time delay effect, or gravitational time delay effect, is
one of the four classic solar system tests of General relativity.
Radar signals passing near a massive object take slightly longer to
travel to a target and longer to return (as measured by the observer)
than they would if the mass of the object were not present. Spacetime
is stretched close to the massive object, and the photon preserves its
geometry of where it was generated. Thus it appears shorter as it
passes through the stretched spacetime, and it is blue shifted as it
passes by the massive object, and then red shifted as it travels away.
Also, it has further to travel, as it retains the same length from
where it was generated, while the space around the massive object is
stretched.

Time is an Emergent Phenomena of Moving Dimensions-It is Not a
Dimension
Einstein's, Penrose's (and many leading physicist's) mistaken view of
"the future being out there" in a block universe arises because
physicists misleadingly label "time" the fourth dimension, thus
implying that just as we can move anywhere in the three spatial
dimensions, such as up and down and back again, so too can we move
anywhere in the time dimension, to the past, the future, and back
again, implying that both the past and future must exist, as sure as
New York and Los Angeles.

But time is not so much the fourth dimension as it is an emergent
phenomena that arises because a fourth dimension is expanding at the
rate of c relative to the three spatial dimensions in a spherically
symmetric manner in units of the Planck length.

The Debate Over the Block Universe: MDT To the Rescue:
Again we see quantum mechanics and relativity at odds over the debate
of the block universe implied by relativity, which seems to imply a
definitive, real future, which seemingly contradicts quantum mechanic's
inherent randomness and free will. MDT resolves this paradox by viewing
time not as the fourth dimension, but as a phenomena that emerges
because the fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial
dimensions. Because all time is measured via the propagation of
photons, and because all photons propagate as matter carried along by
the expanding fourth dimension, time has oft been ascribed properties
of a fourth dimension similar to the three spatial dimensions,
resulting in paradoxical, misleading interpretations of the universe.
Suffice it to say MDT sees time not as a dimension, but as an emergent
property of a fourth dimension expanding relative to three spatial
dimensions.

In their paper concerning the paradoxes outlined above, "The Debate
over the Block Universe," Isham, C.J. and J.C. Polkinghorne write:

[Only registered users see links. ]

"Proponents of the block universe appeal to special and general
relativity to support a timeless view in which all spacetime events
have equal ontological status. The finite speed of light, the light
cone structure, and the downfall of universal simultaneity and with it
the physical status of "flowing time" in special relativity result in a
heightened tendency to ontologize spacetime. The additional
arbitrariness in the choice of time coordinates in general relativity
makes flowing time physically meaningless. Thus no fundamental meaning
can be ascribed to the "present" as the moving barrier with the kind of
unique and universal significance needed to unequivocally distinguish
"past" from "future." Instead the flowing present is a mental
construct, and four-dimensional spacetime is an "eternally existing"
structure. God may know the temporality of events as experienced
subjectively by creatures, but God cannot act temporally, since flowing
time has no fundamental meaning in nature. Theologians must accept the
Boethian and even gnostic implications of the block universe."

[Only registered users see links. ]

Isham and Polkinghorne continue: "Opponents of the block universe begin
by distinguishing between kinematics and dynamics. Special relativity
imposes only kinematic constraints on the structure of spacetime. The
dynamics of quantum physics and chaos theory encourages a view of
nature as open and temporal, thus allowing for both human and divine
agency. The problem of the lack of universal simultaneity is lessened
since simultaneity is an a posteriori construct. Philosophically
disposed to critical realism, opponents are wary of the incipient
reductionism of the block view. They resist the Boethian implications
of relativity, and argue instead that divine omnipresence must be
redefined in terms of a special frame of reference, perhaps one
provided by the cosmic background radiation. God's knowledge of
spacetime events in terms of this frame of reference will be
constrained by both the world's causal sequence and the distinction
between past and future. Similarly God's actions will be consistent
with relativity theory."

[Only registered users see links. ]

In MDT, both quantum mechanics and relativity are in perfect harmony,
but the time in relativity is not a dimension on equal footing with the
three spatial dimensions. Rather, time is an emergent parameter arising
from matter (photons) being carried along with a fourth dimension that
is expanding at a constant rate relative to the three spatial
dimensions.

MDT & Time's Arrow / 2nd Law of Thermodyamics / Entropy

Entropy states that the universe tends towards disorder. This is
because the fourth dimension is expanding in a spherically symmetric
manner, constantly carrying all initially close photons and particles
away from one another-thus a drop of food coloring in a pool is carried
outward and evenly distributed as time evolves. Because the fourth
dimension is expanding as a spherically symmetric wavefront through the
three spatial dimensions, photons, as well as all matter that interacts
with photons, exhibits a probability to move in a spherically symmetric
manner. Thus, if we have a clump of atoms in the middle of a room, a
probability exists for the atoms to spread apart in a spherically
symmetrical manner, being carried along by the expanding time
dimension.

Traveling Backwards in Time:
The fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial
dimensions. The expansion appears as a spherically-symmetric wave-front
propagating throughout the three spatial dimensions. This is the prime
mover-the fundamental source of all time, energy, and motion. When
matter exists completely in the fourth dimension, it appears as a
photon, expanding in a spherical wave-front relative to the three
spatial dimensions. Now Huygen's Principle shows that each point upon
the crest of a spherically symmetric wavefront is itself a spherically
symmetric wavefront. That means that there is a finite probability that
a photon's spherical wavefront will collapse into a smaller region, in
which case it might be measured to be somewhere where it was. Such a
photon may be said to be traveling back in time, and such a photon will
have traveled less than the speed of light.

On the quantum scale, where the fourth dimension is expanding in units
of the Planck length, there is a higher chance of light being measured
to move slower or faster than the speed of light-there is a higher
chance of a photon traveling backwards, or its expanding wave front
getting a little smaller as opposed to bigger, but over large distances
the speed of light is determined to be c.

And just like photons, electrons and other particles may from be seen
to go back in time. All this means is that their wave functions are
surfing a region of the fourth-dimension which is contracting as
opposed to expanding-there is a small probability of this happening,
due to Huygen's principle, as elaborated on above.

But time travel on a macroscopic scale is prohibited, as the past and
future do not exist. We do not live in a block universe, wherein time
is a dimension, but rather time is an emergent phenomena, accounted for
with MDT's postulate: the fourth dimension is expanding relative to the
three spatial dimensions.

Godel's Block Universe Paradox Resolved
In 1949 Godel published a paper showing that within the theory of
relativity, time as we understand it, does not exist. Einstein
recognized Godel's paper as "an important contribution to the general
theory of relativity," and since then physicists have not been able to
find any logical shortcomings in Godel's work, and nobody has been able
to account for the existence of time. But the Theory of Moving
Dimensions accounts for time as we know it by showing that it is an
emergent property of the underlying dimension's intrinsic relative
movement.

Godel wrote, "By making a round trip on a rocket ship in a sufficiently
wide course, it is possible in these worlds to travel into any region
of the past, present, and future, and back again, exactly as it is
possible in other worlds to travel to distant parts of space. This
state of affairs seems to imply an absurdity. For it enables one to
travel into the near past of those places where he himself lived. There
he would find a person who would be himself at some earlier period of
life. Now he could do something to this person, which, by his memory,
he knows has not happened to him."

Kaku writes, "Kurt Godel's essay constitutes, in my opinion, an
important contribution to the general theory of relativity, especially
to the analysis of the concept of time. The problem here involved
disturbed me already at the time of the building up of the general
theory of relativity, without my having succeeded in clarifying it...
The distinction "earlier-later" is abandoned for world-points which lie
far apart in a cosmological sense, and those paradoxes, regarding the
direction of the causal connection, arise, of which Mr. Godel has
spoken. . . It will be interesting to weigh whether these are not to be
excluded on physical grounds." -Michio Kaku

The mistake Einstein made in his formulation was confusing time itself
with the fourth dimension. Time is an emergent property that we witness
because of the fourth dimension expanding relative to the three spatial
dimensions, and because it thus inherits properties of a dimension, it
is all too tempting for physicists to refer to time as a dimension.

Time travel is impossible both in reality and Moving Dimensions theory,
though I encourage prominent physicists to keep on writing books about
time machines and bookstores to stock them in the science-fiction
sections.

Time arises from the interaction of the expanding fourth dimension with
the three spatial dimensions, but many physicists mistakenly labeled
the fourth dimension as the time dimension.

A lot of confusion has arisen by from this mislabeling coupled with the
physicists' tendency to over-extend metaphors. As soon as physicists
mistakenly labeled the fourth dimension the time dimension, they were
eager to see it as an entity analogous to the three spatial dimensions,
where one can get from any point to any other point.

But time is an emergent property deriving from the expansion of a
single spatial dimension relative to the three other stationary spatial
dimensions. The fourth dimension expands in units of the Planck length
at the rate of c, so in a sense the fourth dimension is only ever
Planck's length deep to all macroscopic objects. Only a photon can
exist in this dimension, orthogonal to the three dimensions, and at
that point a photon is matter surfing the expanding dimension. Huygen's
principle demonstrates that every point along a spherically symmetric
wavefront is the source of a spherically symmetric wave, and so it is
with a photon. This is because every point in space-time is the source
of a spherically symmetric expansion of the fourth dimension relative
to the three stationary dimensions.

Time travel to any significant degree is impossible because the time
dimension never reaches deeper than Planck's length. You could only go
back in time by Planck's time, which wouldn't be very useful!

Physicists enjoy viewing the time dimension on equal footing with the
spatial dimensions. After all, they say it is just another a
"dimension" that just happens to have a minus sign infront of it in the
space-time metric. But they never seek to explain the minus sign.
Instead they rush straight ahead into all their ridiculous notions of
time travel, stating that just as we can get from any point A to any
point B in space, we can get from any point A to any point B in time.
But time travel has never been accomplished, nor will it ever be.

Physicists were right in recognizing that time is a dimension, but they
fell short in recognizing that it was different from the three spatial
dimensions in that it is expanding at the rate of c relative to the
three spatial dimensions.

The notion of past, present, and future is more related to the change
of energy than it is to the actual existence of a physical past, a
physical present, and a physical future. Only the present ever exists,
and the past is what is recorded in our minds-it exists nowhere else.

But because time is a dimension, physicists were seduced into believing
one could travel anywhere within it. But in reality we never get any
further than Planck's length deep in time, and it is at that depth
that photons surf through the universe, while electrons oscillate, and
out bodies maintain their average position firmly in the three spatial
dimensions as the time dimension expands relentlessly about us in units
of Planck's length.

"For Godel, if there is time travel, there isn't time. The goal of the
great logician was not to make room in physics for one's favorite
episode of Star Trek, but rather to demonstrate that if one follows the
logic of relativity further even than its father was willing to
venture, the results will not just illuminate but eliminate the reality
of time." -A World Without Time, Palle Yourgrau

Unification of QM and Relativity
Relativity becomes increasingly exact at long-length scales but fails
at short ones because space-time itself is quantized, as the time
dimension is expanding in units of the Planck length. The concept of
general relativity's smooth geometry, at large scales, disappears on
short-distance scales-this has been a problem to string theorists, but
only because they were never bold enough to recognize that's the way it
is because that's the way it is-GR does not break down at distances
smaller than the Planck length because such distances do not exist with
any degree of certainty. The fourth dimension is expanding relative to
the three spatial dimensions in units of the Planck length, and thus
distances smaller than the Planck length cannot be measured nor
defined.

In An Elegant Universe, Brian Greene writes, "Recall that the problem
in merging general relativity and quantum mechanics turns up when the
central tenet of the former-that space and time constitute a smoothly
curving geometrical structure-confronts the essential feature of the
latter-that everything in the universe, including the fabric of space
and time, undergoes quantum fluctuations that become increasingly
turbulent when probed on smaller and smaller distance scales. On
sub-Planck-scale distances, the quantum undulations are so violent that
they destroy the notion of a smoothly curving geometrical space; this
means that general relativity breaks down."

But general relativity does not break down. It works perfectly well,
holding the planets in their orbits, curving space and time about
massive objects, bending light just so, in accordance with Einstein's
equations.

General relativity does not break down at sub-Planck-scale distances
because such distances do not exist. The fourth dimension is expanding
relative to the three spatial dimensions in units of the Planck length,
and thus all physical measurements and physical definitions are larger
than the Planck length. General relativity need have no fear of ever
breaking down at distances smaller than the Planck length, because such
distances do not exist in the physical world!!

Moving Dimensions & String Theory
After thirty years and billions of dollars, all it has to show for
itself is a cult following. Not postulates. No laws. No equations.
No predictions. Before string theory can be tested, it first must step
forward with something to test. String theory must step forward with
simple postulates, laws, predictions, and equations-until that day,
it will remain a hoax to the degree it is funded.

Whereas String Theory retreats into realms beyond physical reality,
beyond experimental tests, beyond postulates, laws, and predictions,
Moving Dimensions Theory stays simply wedded to a single
postulate-the fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three
spatial dimensions. Where String Theory retreats into a mathematical
realm where postulates, laws, words, and physical intuition are blinded
so that politics and strategic faith might reign supreme, MDT seeks a
return to those simpler days of physics, where physics was reduced to
first principles.

Perhaps String Theory could find a new home as a subset of MDT, wherein
the vibrating strings are vibrating/surfing upon wavefronts of the a
fourth dimension that's expanding relative to the three spatial
dimensions.

Zeno's Paradox Resolved

If you travel from point A to point B, you must travel half of the
distance to point B before traveling the complete distance. Now from
that point you must again travel half the remaining distance. If you
continue to do so (travel half the remaining distance) you will never
reach point B.

Extended to its logical conclusion, this reasoning implies that you
could never move in the first place.

But things move.

Motion is a fundamental part of the universe. And that is because it is
embedded within the four dimensions, which consist of three stationary
dimensions and one that is expanding with a velocity of c in a
spherically symmetric manner, in units of Planck's length, relative to
the three stationary dimensions.

Because the time dimension is expanding at a uniform rate equally in
all directions, every particle has a greater chance of being somewhere
different than where it currently is as time moves on. For every
particle is subject to the whims of this ever-expanding dimension.

Stephen Hawking's Block Universe: Wrong

Hawking writes, "Quantum theory introduces a new idea, that of
imaginary time. Imaginary time may sound like science fiction, and it
has been brought into Doctor Who [an English Star Trek]. But never the
less, it is a genuine scientific concept. One can picture it in the
following way. One can think of ordinary, real, time as a horizontal
line. On the left, one has the past, and on the right, the future. But
there's another kind of time in the vertical direction. This is called
imaginary time, because it is not the kind of time we normally
experience. But in a sense, it is just as real, as what we call real
time."

Hawking's logic succumbs to a common physical misinterpretation of
time. In stating, "One can think of ordinary, real, time as a
horizontal line. On the left, one has the past, and on the right, the
future," Hawking is confusing our notion of time that is an emergent
phenomena arising from a fourth dimension expanding relative to three
spatial dimensions with the fallacious view of time as a dimension, on
equal footing with space. Hawking's and Penrose's mistaken view of "the
future being out there" arises because of physicists misleadingly
labeling "time" the fourth dimension, thus implying that just as we can
move anywhere in the three spatial dimensions, such as up and down and
back again, so too can we move anywhere in the time dimension, to the
past, the future, and back again, implying that both the past and
future must exist, as sure as New York and Los Angeles.

Time is an emergent phenomena of a fourth dimension expanding relative
to the three spatial dimensions-thus time sometimes appears to have
dimensional properties. A Lorentz transformation can rotate an object
into the "time" dimension, and we can appear to travel through the
"time" dimension, but in both cases the time dimension is our
interpretation of physical events in a universe with a fourth dimension
that is expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions. All time
is measured relative to the propagation of photons, and because all
photons propagates via surfing the fourth dimension that is expanding
relative to the three spatial dimensions, time has oft been ascribed
properties of a fourth dimension.

Peter Lynds' View of Time: Closer to MDT's Reality

In Peter Lynds' abstract to "Time and classical and quantum mechanics:
Indeterminacy vs. discontinuity," Lynds states, "It is postulated there
is not a precise static instant in time underlying a dynamical physical
process at which the relative position of a body in relative motion or
a specific physical magnitude would theoretically be precisely
determined. It is concluded it is exactly because of this that time
(relative interval as indicated by a clock) and the continuity of a
physical process is possible, with there being a necessary trade off of
all precisely determined physical values at a time, for their
continuity through time. This explanation is also shown to be the
correct solution to the motion and infinity paradoxes, excluding the
Stadium, originally conceived by the ancient Greek mathematician Zeno
of Elea. Quantum Cosmology, Imaginary Time and Chronons are also then
discussed, with the latter two appearing to be superseded on a
theoretical basis." (Lynds, Peter, Foundations of Physics Letters,
16(4), 343-355, 2003)

This is because time is an emergent phenomena, arising because the
fourth dimension is expanding at a rate of c relative to the three
stationary spatial dimensions in unitis of the Planck length. There is
no precise time underlying a physical process because all measurements
of time are limited by Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, as the
expansion of the fourth dimension, by which time is defined, is
occurring in quantized units of the Planck length.

Lynds sees that there is no precise time underlying a physical process
because he argues that to have a defined position with respect to time
would mean that a moving object would have to be frozen. However, this
never happens, because all motion takes place upon a backround where
time is not a dimension nor a parameter, but a device that we have used
as a tool to measure distance, interval, and motion as best we know
how. That this has led to paradoxes is no wonder, but the paradoxes are
resolved with viewing time not as a fourth dimension, but as an
emergent phenomena that rises because a fourth dimension is expanding
relative to the three spatial dimensions in units of the Planck length,
and that it is this fourth dimension that carries photons by which all
measurements of time are made. Thus time is fundamentally quantum
mechanical in behavior, inheriting a probabilistic and quantized
nature, and when quantum mechanics manifests itself throughout the
macroscopic world, it is often deemed paradoxical.

MDT & Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle:
Because the fourth dimension is expanding in quantized units, and
because all measurements require energy which only ever propagates in
quantized units as all energy is the result of photons surfing the
expanding fourth dimension, there is an inherent limitation to the
detail of measurement, arising from the nature of the quantized
expansion of the fourth dimension relative to the three spatial
dimensions.

Newton's Laws, Inertia & The Conservation Laws:
The Law of Inertia: All objects conserve their relative rotation in
space-time. An accelerated objected is rotated more into the expanding
fourth dimension, resulting in an increased probability it will move
relative to the three spatial dimensions. This is accomplished by
adding photons to the object, thereby increasing its mass along with
the net object's (object+photons) probability of existing in the
expanding third dimension. A decelerated electron emits photons,
lowering its probability of being in the fourth expanding dimension, as
its velocity relative to the three spatial dimensions slows.

Probability/Rotation are Conserved:
Every entity has a probability of existing in both space and time. The
greater a probability an entity has of existing in time, the more
energy it will be observed to have from a stationary observer. Energy
is added to an object by the way of photons, and thus all additions of
energy to any object increase the objects mass.

Take an electron in a particle accelerator for example. As energy is
added to it, it circles the accelerator faster and faster and gains
more and more mass. The more photons that are added to it, the higher
the probability it exists in the time dimension. It is rotated into the
time dimension, and its time slows down as its effective length
contracts.

The probability of being in the space and time dimensions is a
conserved quantity, manifesting itself as the conservation of momentum
and energy. If no energy is added or subtracted, its momentum and
energy remain constant-its rotation in space-time remains constant.

As an object is given energy, the added photons give the net object a
higher probability of being in the time dimension, and thus it
propagates faster through the three spatial dimensions, as it "surfs"
upon crests of the expanding dimension through space-time.

Explanations of Dark Matter & Dark Energy

The Unification of Relativity & QM

Relativity is what generally emerges at great distances and high
speeds, and quantum mechanics generally emerges at tiny distances for
tiny objects. The quantized expansion of

THE QM, GR & MDT: A DIALOGUE WITH PENROSE ET. AL

Roger Penrose longs for Moving Dimensions Theory. Where he falls short
in the following discussion is where he states, "the future is out
there." The future is not out there. But where Penrose steers close is
in acknowledging, "I think we need a new way to look at time, not
either Quantum Mechanics or Relativity." MD Theory offers this new
way.

Time is an emergent phenomena. Time happens because a fourth dimension
is expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions.

Moving Dimensions Theory offers a new way of looking at time underlying
both QM and SR a phenoma that emerges from the MD Theory: THE FOURTH
DIMENSION IS EXPANDING AT A RATE OF C RELATIVE TO THE THREE SPATIAL
DIMENSIONS IN QUANTIZED UNITS OF THE PLANCK LENGTH, GIVING RISE TO TIME
AND ALL QUANTUM MECHANICAL AND RELATIVISTIC PHENOMENA.

[Only registered users see links. ]

Penrose's mistaken view of "the future being out there" arises because
of physicists misleadingly labeling "time" the fourth dimension, thus
implying that just as we can move anywhere in the three spatial
dimensions, such as up and down and back again, so too can we move
anywhere in the time dimension, to the past, the future, and back
again, implying that both the past and future must exist, as sure as
New York and Los Angeles.

But time is not so much the fourth dimension as it is an emergent
phenomena that arises because a fourth dimension is expanding at the
rate of c relative to the three spatial dimensions in a spherically
symmetric manner in units of the Planck length.

Dr. E has added to the following dialogue with Roger Penrose, showing
how Moving Dimensions Theory can unify the concept of time in SR and
QM-in fact all phenomena in SR and QM might be accounted for by Moving
Dimensions Theory. The original dialogue may be found here:

[Only registered users see links. ]

Roger Penrose : "I think there's always something paradoxical about the
way we seem to perceive time to pass and the way physics describes
time."

Dr. E: Moving Dimensions Theory alleviates this paradox by viewing time
as an emergent phenomena-something that arises because the fourth
dimension is expanding relative to the three stationary spatial
dimensions.

Roger Penrose : Space-time is certainly different stuff from space
because its 4 dimensional instead of 3-D (RP larfs!) which is a big
diff. Time really has to be brought into the picture; this one thing
which is space/time.

Physicist : Just imagine what this might be like: 3-D space implies a
volume, and you can move any where in that volume. Once you add time as
a 4th dimension, another axis, then this block of space/time would
contain within it past, present and future, all at once. Time is
frozen, all times exist together; so just as you can say "over here,
over there" in 3-D space, you can talk about "over then", in 4-D
space/time.

Roger Penrose : It's a way of looking at things if you like which
physically we seem to be forced into. I say physically from the point
of view of what the theory of rel. tells us. And Relativity is
remarkably well tested, I mean, 14 places of decimal, it's just
incredible. So we know that this theory does describe the universe to
an extraordinarily precise degree, so we have to take it seriously. And
that theory tells us that we have to regard space and time as one
thing, it's all out there, it's one thing. In the same sense that space
is out there, time is out there.

Dr. E: No-the past and future are not out there. There is indeed a
fourth dimension, and that dimension is expanding relative to the three
spatial dimensions at the rate of c in units of the Planck length. We
perceive time-the past and the future-as events and dreams in our
memories and minds, based on the interaction of the fourth expanding
dimension with the three stationary dimensions.

Narrator : Like the Medieval God's-view of time, Einstein's physics
says that the future is already out there. The moments of our lives are
just waiting for us to step into them.

Roger Penrose : But there's no more problem about the future being out
there than saying that space is out there. You say, "Mars is out
there", but why is that more comprehensible than saying "next week is
out there"? It's just as far away in a certain sense.

Physicist : If you take this block of 4-D space/time literally, it
means you have to abandon free will. It means not only is the future
pre-ordained, but its already there, its already happened. There's no
point in making any decisions, whatever you do has already happened. If
I choose to drop this stone into a pond, I think of it being my own
free choice, but of course in 4-D space/time I had no choice in
dropping the stone ; the splash is already there in the future and so
we lose all free will. If time travel was possible, you can imagine
people coming back from the future to visit us; its no good us saying,
"you cant exist - you haven't happened yet".They've come from a time
which they consider to be their 'now' and for them we're in their path.

Roger Penrose : So this means that in a sense, the present past and
future are out there, and that also gives us a very deterministic view
of the world. We have no control of what happens in the future because
its all laid out. I think the trouble that people have with this idea
is that you think the future is under your control, to some degree, and
so this means that if the future's laid out then in a sense its not
under your control.

Physicist : Personally I'm very uncomfortable about the block universe
idea. Now this may be just a gut feeling or just irrational, but can't
accept the future's already 'out there'. I don't accept that I don't
have any free will.

Roger Penrose : I think there is a positive side to this picture of
space and time being laid out there as 4 dimensions, because it tells
you that all times are there once and it can affect the way one thinks
about people who have died. I mean, I remember thinking in this kind of
way when my mother died. In some sense she was still there because her
existence is still out there in space/time although in our time she is
not alive. A colleague of mine had a son who died in tragic
circumstances and I presented this idea to him and it helped his
understanding also. This was before I heard that Einstein had a
colleague died and he wrote to the man's wife that Bessa was still out
there, and that somehow this was reassuring. I certainly think this way
often, that space/time is laid out and that things in the past and
things in the future are out there still.

Narrator : But almost at the same time that Relativity was gaining
universal acceptance a radically different picture of the universe was
emerging.

Physicist : The way out if you don't want to accept the block universe
idea is quantum mechanics. Now, Quantum Mechanics is the second great
discovery of the 20th century physics and that states that the future
isn't predetermined and preordained.

Narrator : Quantum Mechanics was born out of a series of experiments
whose results even today have no satisfactory explanation. Relativity
works at the large scale where it provides exact predictions as to what
will happen next. But when physicists started looking down at the
atomic and sub-atomic level, the familiar laws failed. At this level,
there were no certainties, only probabilities. How can the future of
the universe be already out there if the future of a single molecule is
so utterly unpredictable?

Dr. E: The future of the universe is not already out there. Both
quantum mechanics and relativity derive from the same underlying
physical reality of a fourth dimension expanding relative to three
spatial dimensions at the rate of c in units of the Planck length. The
wave-particle duality of matter comes from the inherent non-locality of
any matter at a point in the expanding dimension, which would appear as
photons expanding in a spherically symmetric manner at the rate of c.
The constant speed of light also comes from the physical reality of the
fourth dimension expanding relative to the three stationary spatial
dimensions. No matter how fast the emitter is traveling, the expanding
dimension yet carries the photon at the rate of c.

Physicist : Before we look to see what the atom is doing, not only is
there a gap in our knowledge, the atom itself has not decided what to
do. It had an infinite number of choices to make, it will be doing all
those choices all at once, and its only when we look to see what is
happening do we force it to make a choice. In Quantum Mechanics the
future is not determined, and so Quantum Mechanics in a sense rescues
us and rescues free will.

Roger Penrose : In a sense you don't have the future laid out in
Quantum Mechanics So Quantum Mechanics. is basically different in the
way we look at it. You do have this indeterminacy about the future and
a necessary feature of this is its incompatibility with Special
Relativity. So we have these 2 great theories, both of which are
extremely accurate, tell us something about how the world operates,
something very insightful and profound and accurate, but they're
incompatible with each other. So there's no doubt there's something
missing here. How important it is to how we 'feel' the passage of time
is I think very important.

Dr. E: But QM and SR perfectly compatible theories. In SR there is no
certain future-that is a byproduct of mistakenly looking at time as a
fourth dimension on equal footing with the three spatial dimensions.
The passage of time happens because of matter interacting with a
dimension that is expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions.
And all quantum mechanical and relativistic effects may be traced back
to Moving Dimensions Theory.

Narrator: The tragedy of modern physics is that it explains so much of
the objective universe but at the cost of what we subjectively feel;
about our conscious free will and our feeling that time does flow.

Faun Flynn: I very much think there's a flow to time. If you consider
what music would be like if there was no flow to time. You couldn't
have music if you didn't have memory, or if you didn't have an
expectation generated by that memory. You'd have an isolated note in
the 'now'. Music unfolds in time in such a way that we have a memory of
what we've heard, and this memory conditions to what we expect. This of
course is something that everybody is familiar with, because if you
hear ( 7 note scale played on piano) you have a very strong expectation
that the next note will be (plays final octave note of scale) . Music
is a distillation or a side-effect of that mental faculty we employ to
perceive time, and things changing in time.

Roger Penrose : The question of the passage of time is something the
scientists have rather set aside, and taking the view that its not
really physics, it's a subjective issue; and subjective questions are
not part of science. Now when you start talking about phenomena like
one's own perception of the passage of time, then that is a subjective
thing. And that's almost a taboo subject for science because it's
subjective. The physical world at least according to Relativity, is out
there, and there is no flow of time, it's just there; whereas our
feeling (we have this feeling of the passage of time) are intimately
connected to our perceptions.

Dr. E: Indeed scientists too often choose their battles selfishly,
thereby solving problems by saying that they do not need to be solved,
while simultaneously concentrating on obscure theories, spending
millions on building empty temples for the herd. The physical future is
not out there according to relativity. The passage of time is the
result of the propagation of energy. The aging of cells, the
oscillations of a quartz crystal, the unwinding of a clock spring, the
swing of a pendulum-all of these have to do with the exchange of
photons and thus the propagation of energy. And energy propagates at
the constant rate of c throughout the universe because the fourth
dimension, which carries matter that we perceive as photons, is
expanding at the rate of c relative to the three spatial dimensions, in
units of the Planck length.

Physicist : We have this subjective feeling, that time goes by, but
physicists would argue this is just an illusion.

Roger Penrose : Yes I think physicists would agree that the feeling of
time passing is simply an illusion, something that is not real. It has
something to do with our perceptions.

Dr. E: The passage of time is real. Time's arrow, or entropy, or the
second law of thermodynamics are all explained by Moving Dimensions
Theory. Because a fourth dimension is expanding at the rate of c in a
spherically symmetric manner, all particles have a probability of being
displaced in a spherically symmetric manner. Thus any two particles
close to each other will wander apart.

Narrator: Illusion or not, our perceptions emerge somewhere between the
cosmic scale of Relativity where the flow of time is frozen and the
quantum scale, where flow descends to uncertainty. Our world is on a
scale governed by a mixture of chance and necessity.

Roger Penrose : My view is that there is some large scale quantum
activity going on in the brain. Physics does not say that Quantum
Mechanics takes place in small areas, but also take place over larger
areas. I think this has to do with the consciousness. I think we need a
new way to look at time, not either Quantum Mechanics or Relativity.

Dr. E: Moving Dimensions offers this new way of looking at time. Time
is not the fourth dimension, but it is a phenomena that arises because
a fourth spatial dimension is expanding relative to the three
stationary spatial dimensions.

Narrator : If Quantum Mechanics is taking place in the brain then the
same randomness of outcome and unpredictability might explain our
ability to make sometime random choices. Opening up the future to the
possibility of change would provide the first step of restoring to
physics the flow of time it currently denies.

Physicist : I don't think time flows, I feel that time flows, but I
feel we can only understand this if we have a better understanding of
how consciousness works. I think human consciousness probably has the
secrets as to how and why we think of time as going by.

Roger Penrose : I don't think we have the tools, I don't think we have
the physical picture to accommodate these things yet. We're not very
close to it.

Dr. E: Moving Dimensions Theory has just brought us closer.

The original dialogue may be found here:

[Only registered users see links. ]

Wheeler's Quantum Foam:
Brian Greene writes, "The notion of a smooth spatial geometry, the
central principle of general relativity, is destroyed by the violent
fluctuations of the quantum world on short distance scales. On
ultramicroscopic scales, the central feature of quantum mechanics-the
uncertainty principle-is in direct conflict with the central feature of
general relativity-the smooth geometrical model of space (and of
spacetime)... The equations of general relativity cannot handle the
roiling frenzy of quantum foam." Nor do they have to.

MDT happily unifies relativity and quantum mechanics with a simple
postulate. The fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three
spatial dimensions.

And because the fourth dimension is expanding in units of the Planck
length, quantum mechanical behavior manifests itself in all phenomena
that touch upon the notion of tiny distances. However, over large
distances, the expansion of the fourth dimension seems smooth and
continuous. Thus space and time appear smooth and continuous over large
distances.

Likewise, although light has a probability of traveling slower or
faster than c, due to the quantum mechanical nature of the expansion of
the dimension that carries it through space, over large distances time
is observed to travel at a the constant rate of c.

Relativity and quantum mechanics have always existed peaceably in
nature, and now, via Moving Dimensions Theory, relativity and quantum
mechanics exist peaceably in theory too.

String Theory's Admitted Shortcomings FROM ITS TEXTBOOKS!!!:

The great irony of string theory, however, is that the theory itself is
not unified. To someone learning the theory for the first time, it is
often a frustrating collection of folklore, rules of thumb, and
intuition. (IN OTHER WORDS IT IS NOT PHYSICS!!!) At times, there seems
to be no rhyme or reason for many of the conventions of the model. For
a theory that makes the claim of providing a unifying framework for all
physical laws, it is the supreme irony that the theory itself appears
so disunited!!

Chapter 1. Path Integrals and Point Particles: Why Strings?

"Introduction to Superstrings and M-Theory," page 5. -Michio Kaku

Supersymmetry is one of the most elegant of all symmetries, uniting
bosons and fermions into a single multiplet:

Fermions and Bosons

By uniting fields of differing statistics, supersymmetry and
supergroups have also opened up an entirely new area of mathematics...
However, the irony is that there is not a single shred of experimental
evidence in its favor. For example, physicists have tried to fit the
electron or neutrino into supersymmetric multiplets, but the scalar
partners of these leptons have never been seen. In fact, none of the
presently known particles has a supersymmetric partner. -Chapter 3,
Superstrings, Supersymmetric Point Particles - Michio Kaku

Should New Ideas be Allowed in Contemporary Physics?

All of physic's greatest hits are contained in simple postulates, laws,
and equations that have stood the test of time and provided a lever by
which we could disturb the universe. For this reason, I am advocating a
return to physics that is expressed in simple postulates, laws, and
equations that can be discussed and tested by experiment.

Postmodern theories such as string theory are dangerous to physics and
physicists alike. Like Narcissus, who fell in the water while staring
at his own reflection, it seems many String Theorists have fallen into
a world of reflection, where they're not looking at physical reality,
but only themselves. Hundreds of millions of dollars have been poured
into String Theory, and yet not one postulate, nor law, nor proof, nor
success.

But the purpose of this paper is not to criticize string theory, but to
light the way to a new day with a simple postulate: the fourth
dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions.

After Einstein published his two postulates of special relativity and
his foundational paper on quantum mechanics, it was yet many years, and
tens of thousands of man hours, before a nobler physics bore itself
out-the realm of physics that is now known as relativity, that has
stood the tests of time and continues to inspire young physicists. And
so it is that today, Quantum Mechanics and Relativity, which came out
of either side of Einstein's mind, are yet the towering beacons that
inspire young physicists. When one wants to see further, one climbs on
top of the shoulders of giants-Newton, Bohr, Einstein, Dirac,
Shrodinger, and Wheeler. And it was from such a vantage point that I
saw Moving Dimensions Theory.

Contemporary physics, like much of academia, is cluttered with
political factions, charlatans, hypesters, and fund-raisers. Such a
system is self-reinforcing, and as time goes on, truth means less and
less, as politics, hype, and blind-faith land the postdocs, government
grants, and tenure. Follow the money, and you will see the source of
the cult-following-millions of dollars from NSF affect billions of
dollars of cashflow-summer vacations, health benefits, pensions.
Alas, string theorists are "human-all too human."

Young physicists are bullied by pomo-hipster "the truth does not exist"
String Theorists who tell questioning young physicists that they cannot
question. When the young physicists continue to question undeterred,
the tenured string theorist waves her hands and makes it personal,
projecting their infinite shortcomings, telling the young physicists
that simply cannot comprehend the beauty of the ten, eleven,
twenty-two, or thirty dimensions.

But there are changes afoot, and prominent physicists-Nobel Prize
winners and true leaders-are stepping forth to criticize string theory:

"If Einstein were alive today, he would be horrified at this state of
affairs. He would upbraid the profession for allowing this mess to
develop and fly into a blind rage over the transformation of his
beautiful creations into ideologies and the resulting proliferation of
logical inconsistencies. Einstein was an artist and a scholar but above
all he was a revolutionary. His approach to physics might be summarized
as hypothesizing minimally. Never arguing with experiment, demanding
total logical consistency, and mistrusting unsubstantiated beliefs. The
unsubstantial belief of his day was ether, or more precisely the naïve
version of ether that preceded relativity. The unsubstantiated belief
of our day is relativity itself. It would be perfectly in character for
him to reexamine the facts, toss them over in his mind, and conclude
that his beloved principle of relativity was not fundamental at all but
emergent-a collective property of the matter constituting space-time
that becomes increasingly exact at long length scales but fails at
short ones. This is a different idea from his original one but
something fully compatible with it logically, and even more exciting
and potentially important. It would mean that the fabric of space-time
was not simply the stage on which life played out but an organizational
phenomenon, and that there might be something beyond." -A Different
Universe, Reinventing Physics From The Bottom Down, Robert B. Laughlin,
Winner of the Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the fractional
quantum Hall effect.

"Despite its having become embedded in the discipline, the idea of
absolute symmetry makes no sense. Symmetries are cause by things, not
he cause of things. If relativity is always true, then there has to be
an underlying reason. Attempts to evade this problem inevitably result
in contradictions. Thus if we try to write down relativistic equations
describing the spectroscopy of a vacuum, we discover that the equations
are mathematical nonsense unless either relativity or guage invariance,
an equally important symmetry, is postulated to fail at extremely short
distances. No workable fix to this problem has ever been discovered.
String theory, originally invented for this purpose, has not succeeded.
In addition to its legendary appetite for higher dimensions, it also
has problems at short length scales, albeit more subtle ones, and has
never been shown to evolve into the standard model at long length
scales, as required for compatibility with experiment." -A
Different Universe, Reinventing Physics From The Bottom Down, Robert B.
Laughlin, Winner of the Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the
fractional quantum Hall effect

"Thus the innocent observation that the vacuum of space is empty is not
innocent at all, but is instead compelling evidence that light and
gravity are linked and probably both collective in nature. Real light,
like real quantum-mechanical sound, differs from its idealized
Newtonian counterpart in containing energy even when it is stone cold.
According to the principle of relativity, this energy should have
generated mass, and this, in turn, should have generated gravity. We
have no idea why it does not, so we deal with the problem the way the
government might, namely by simply declaring empty space not to
gravitate. In chutzpah, this ranks with the famous case of the Indiana
state legislature passing a law declaring Pi to have the value three.
It also demonstrates the severity of the problem, for one does not
resort to such desperate measures when there are reasonable
alternatives. The desire to explain away the gravity paradox
microscopically is also the motivation for the invention of
supersymmetry, a mathematical construction that assigns a special
complementary partner to every known elementary particle. Were a
superpartner ever discovered in nature, the hope for a reductionist
explanation for the emptiness of space might be rekindled, but this has
not happened, at least not yet."

"[String Theory] has no practical utility, however, other than to
sustain the myth of the ultimate theory. There is no experimental
evidence for the existence of strings in nature, nor does the special
mathematics of string theory enable known experimental behavior to be
calculated or predicted more easily. Moreover, the complex
spectroscopic properties of space accessible with today's mighty
accelerators are accountable in only as "low-energy phenomenology"-a
pejorative term for transcendent emergent properties of matter
impossible to calculate from first principles. String theory is, in
fact, a textbook case of Deceitful Turkey, a beautiful set of ideas
that will always remain just barely out of reach. Far from a wonderful
technological hope for a greater tomorrow, it is instead the tragic
consequence of an obsolete belief system-in which emergence plays no
role and dark law does not exist."

-A Different Universe, Reinventing Physics From The Bottom Down,Robert
B. Laughlin, Winner of the Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the
fractional quantum Hall effect.

"The master antitheory of the age is the idea that there is no
fundamental thing left to discover, so that the world we inhabit is
simply a swarm of detail that belongs to no one and thus can be
legitimately handled by business tactics-resource management,
competitive advertising, survival of the fittest, and so forth. A
corollary is that there is no absolute truth, but only products, like
shirts or hamburgers, that one throws away when their usefulness is
exhausted. Antitheories are dangerous ideologies not only because they
impede inquiry but because they lull one into ignoring threats that
one's opponents can exploit to their advantage."

-A Different Universe, Reinventing Physics From The Bottom Down,
Robert B. Laughlin, Winner of the Nobel Prize in physics for his work
on the fractional quantum Hall effect.

Acceleration occurs when an object is rotated in space-time, and the
conservation of momentum and energy were based on the conservation of
something more fundamental-the conservation of dimension.

Conservation Laws: Newton's Laws & The Law of Inertia

The conservation of energy and the conservation of momentum can be
expressed as the conservation of rotation in space-time. Every
particle has a probability of existing in ace or time. A photon has
close to a 100% probability of existing in time and close to a 0%
chance of
existing in space. Mass has close to a 100% chance of existing in
space, and close to 0% chance of existing in time. When one adds
photons to massive objects, one gives them energy, the net photon-mass
object has a greater chance of existing in time than did the massive
object on its own.

\ | /

\ | /

\ | /

\ | /

\ | /

| | | | \|/ |

B A C

Because massive objects curve space-time, the probability of being in
space and time are altered by gravitational fields.

Consider point A in the figure above, close to a massive object. The
rate at which the fourth dimension expands is always proportional to
the space metric at the exact point from where the expansion
originates. So the time metric at point B is shorter than the time
metric at point A which is shorter than the time metric at point C. The
fourth dimension, expanding from point A, will arrive at point B before
it arrives at point C.

Acceleration occurs when an object is rotated in space-time, and the
conservation of momentum and energy were based on the conservation of
something more fundamental-the conservation of dimension.

Because space is stretched towards the massive object, and all objects
try to preserve their relative rotation with respect to space and time,
the object has a greater chance of being in the time dimension where
the space is stretched. Hence the acceleration expected due to the laws
of relativity.

And so too is it seen that in the Schroedinger equation that the change
of probability with respect to time results in an acceleration in
space.

Questions Addressed by MDT:

Why is the speed of light constant in all frames?

Why are light and energy quantized?

How can matter display both wave and particle properties?

Why are there non-local effects in quantum mechanics?

Why does time stop at the speed of light?

How come a photon does not age?

Why are inertial mass and gravitational mass the same thing?

Why do moving bodies exhibit length contraction?

Why are mass and energy equivalent?

Why does time's arrow point in the direction it points in?

Why do photons appear as spherically-symmetric wavefronts traveling at
a velocity c?

Why is there a minus sign in the following metric?
x^2+y^2+z^2-c^2t^2=s^2

What deeper reality underlies Einstein's postulates of relativity?

What deeper reality underlies Newton's laws?

How MDT Is Aiding Fellow Physicists

"The conclusions from Bell's theorem are philosophically startling;
either one must totally abandon the realistic philosophy of most
working scientists or dramatically revise our concept of space-time."
-Abner Shimony and John Clauser

Moving Dimensions Theory provides this new concept of space-time. [Only registered users see links. ]

The underlying expanding fourth dimension gives rise to non-local
phenomena.

"For me, then, this is the real problem with quantum theory: the
apparently essential conflict between any sharp formulation and
fundamental relativity. It may be that a real synthesis of quantum and
relativity theories requires not just technical developments but
radical conceptual renewal." -John Bell

Moving Dimensions Theory provides this radical conceptual renewal. [Only registered users see links. ]

"Entanglement is not one but rather the characteristic trait of quantum
mechanics." -Erwin Schrodinger

"The discovery of the quantum of action shows us not only the natural
limitation of classical physics, but, by throwing a new light upon the
old philsophical problem of the objective existence of phenomena
indepedently of our observations, confronts us with a situation
hitherto unknown in natural science." -Niels Bohr

"I think we need a new way to look at time, not either Quantum
Mechanics or Relativity." -Roger Penrose

"Should we be prepared to see some day a new structure for the
foundations of physics that does away with time? . . . Yes, because
'time' is in trouble." -John Wheeler

"Time is clothed in a different garment for each role it plays in our
thinking." -John Wheeler

"The word time came not from heaven but form the mouth of man." -John
Wheeler

"My ideas about time all developed from the realization that if nothing
were to change we could not say that times passes. Change is primary,
time, if it exists at all, is something we deduce from it. My Italian
collaborator Bruno Bertotti and I found that the deep structure of
Einstein's general theory of relativity does correspond to
this truth. It is telling us that time does not exist as an independent
thing and that change is indeed primary. However, this is in the
framework of so-called classical physics, the form of physics that
developed before quantum mechanics was discovered. When the idea that
time has no independent existence is combined with the basic facts of
quantum mechanics in the simplest possible way, the implications are
startling. . .The quantum universe is static. Only timeless Nows exist.
The quantum rules give them different probabilities. We experience the
most probable Nows as individual instants of time. The appearance of
motion and a flow of time are both illusions created by very special
structure of the instants that we experience." -Julian Barbour, [Only registered users see links. ]

"The mystery of time's arrow is the oldest problem in science
concerning the nature of time, predating even the theory of
relativity." -Paul Davies, About Time

MDT accounts for Time's Arrow: The fourth dimension is expanding
relative to the three spatial dimensions.

Moving Dimensions Theory & On The Advancement Of Physics

Physics has been furthered far more often by a rugged individual
acknowledging the simple and obvious in a pursuit of the truth than
book-keepers-in-training playing games in the abstruse in pursuit of
tenure. The advancement of physics has ever depended far more on
logic, reason, and Truth than government grants, tenure, group think,
peer-reviewed journals, and aging bureaucracies. "That is the way
things are because that is the way things are," has lead to far more
physics than the contemporary, "things can't be that way because the
math dictates that we live in thirty-three dimensions and four are
curled up, and that is what NSF is funding."
When nobody could measure nor detect the supposed ether, Einstein
proclaimed, "there is no ether." When experiments showed that light
existed only in quantized packets, Einstein proclaimed that light only
existed in quantized packets, and he won the Nobel Prize. When spectra
from atoms showed discreet energies, Niels Bohr proclaimed that
electrons orbits were quantized, and he received a Nobel Prize. When
Maxwell's Equations had a recurring constant, Maxwell used c to denote
it, and Einstein proclaimed that the speed of light must be constant
for all observers-and so Special Relativity was born. When Einstein
juxtaposed objects falling towards the earth getting closer together
with the fact that two people starting at the equator, walking on
originally parallel lines of longitude towards the North Pole, would
come together because they were walking on a curve surface, Einstein
proclaimed that the space-time around a massive object must also be
curved. This along with Einstein's realization that the force of
gravity would be rendered null in free-fall, lead to General
Relativity.

And so it is that in the above paragraph you have the roots of the
greatest achievements of physics in the past 100+ years, dwarfing
String Theory, Loop Quantum Gravity, and thousands of their variatons,
which deal in the abstruse, complicated, muddled, and mythological
worlds which are safe from physics simple rigor.

Moving Dimensions Theory returns us to simpler times. It starts with
the simple and keeps it simple. Light travels with a maximum velocity
of c, because the fourth dimension is expanding at a rate relative to
the three spatial dimensions at the velocity of c. A photon expands
through space in a spherically symmetric manner. This is because the
fourth dimension expands through the three spatial dimensions in a
spherically symmetric manner. Energy and mass are equivalent, expressed
by E=mc^2, because energy is nothing more than mass rotated into the
expanding fourth dimension. The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen effect (EPR)
effect, which calls instantaneous action at a distance "spooky," can be
accounted for by the expanding dimension-as a point expands, it is yet
a single locale in that dimension, and hence though separated by
distance in space, interacting particles may be in the same place in
the time dimension, and hence connected. The null vector of the photon,
which remains 0 no matter how far the photon travels in space-time, may
be accounted for by the fact that the fourth dimension is moving, and
thus the only way to stay still in the four dimensions is to move with
along with the expanding dimension. In Lorentzian Transformations,
there is no way for an object to be rotated into the time dimension
without it moving-this can be explained by the fact that the time
dimension is expanding. All wave-particle duality can be seen as the
result of the universe's existence upon a reality that has three
stationary spatial dimensions and one expanding time dimension-when
matter exists in the stationary dimensions, it is seen as mass, or a
particle. When matter exists in the time dimension it is seen as wave,
or a photon, or energy. Depending how we choose to observer matter
determines whether we observe its wave or particle properties. Photons
are quantized bundles of energy that propagate at the velocity of
c-this is because the fourth dimension is expanding relative to the
three spatial dimensions in a quantized manner, in units of Planck's
length at the rate of c. The Second Law of Thermodyamics, or the law of
Entropy, states that the universe tends towards disorder. This is
because the fourth dimension is expanding in a spherically symmetric
manner, constantly carrying all photons and interacting particles away
from one another-thus a drop of food coloring in a pool will be carried
outward and evenly distributed. In 1949 Godel published a paper showing
that within the theory of relativity, time as we understand it, does
not exist. Einstein recognized Godel's paper as "an important
contribution to the general theory of relativity," and since then
physicists have not been able to find any logical shortcomings in
Godel's work, and nobody has been able to account for the existence of
time. But the Theory of Moving Dimensions accounts for time as we know
it by showing that it is an emergent property of the underlying
dimension's intrinsic relative movement. Relativity becomes
increasingly exact at long-length scales but fails at short ones
because space-time itself is quantized, as the time dimension is
expanding in units of the Planck length.

The concept of general relativity's smooth geometry, at large scales,
disappears on short-distance scales-this has been a problem to string
theorists, but only because they were never bold enough to recognize
that's the way it is because that's the way it is. Realizing this might
have lead one of them to see that the fourth dimension is expanding at
a rate of c relative to the three spatial dimensions. So it is seen
that Moving Dimensions Theory offers a simple model upon which all
known phenomena of Relativity and Quantum Mechanics may rest. And
because the underlying architecture of the universe is
quantized-because the fourth dimension expands at the rate of c in
units of the Planck length relative to the three spatial dimensions,
quantum mechanics works for the small, while general relativity works
for the large. That is the way it is because that is the way it
is-this was the realization that lead to the postulate of MDT: the
fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions.