I wrote an article on Entropy for people who never heard of it.
I had a response from an engineer who took exception to my second paragraph
"Ice must have a tendency to melt because H2O molecules in ice crystals are
more orderly than in the form of water. Ice crystals tend to become
randomized by changing from orderly ice crystals to a more disorderly state
as a liquid.
Water must evaporate: A gaseous structure is lower in energy and more
randomized than a liquid state."
He claims that water in the gaseous form has a higher energy content than
water in the liquid state.
Can some real physicist shed some light on this question.
"Walter R." <[Only registered users see links. ]> wrote in message
news:CtvHf.6685$[Only registered users see links. ].com...
I'm another danged engineer, so listen or not...
Consider a container with water in it. Seal the container. This
container is proof against any pressure.
If you remove enough heat from the container, the water will
freeze. This means that ice has less energy than water. The
energy necessary to overcome water's affinity for a particular
orientation wrt its neighbors is entirely lost, and it
If you add enough heat to the container, the water will vaporize.
This means that steam has more energy than water. The energy
necessary to overcome water's affinity for itself is met, and it
becomes a gas.
Your statements about randomization are correct. You just had
the "sign wrong" on the transfer of energy.