| | Re: Gene Therapy - Successess?
This study used nanoparticles to deliver RNA molecules body wide to treat mdx mice ("Duchenne mice").
Cationic PMMA Nanoparticles Bind and Deliver Antisense Oligoribonucleotides Allowing Restoration of Dystrophin Expression in the mdx Mouse.
Rimessi P, Sabatelli P, Fabris M, Braghetta P, Bassi E, Spitali P, Vattemi G, Tomelleri G, Mari L, Perrone D, Medici A, Neri M, Bovolenta M, Martoni E, Maraldi NM, Gualandi F, Merlini L, Ballestri M, Tondelli L, Sparnacci K, Bonaldo P, Caputo A, Laus M, Ferlini A.
1Department of Experimental and Diagnostic Medicine, Section of Medical Genetics, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.
For subsets of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) mutations, antisense oligoribonucleotide (AON)-mediated exon skipping has proven to be efficacious in restoring the expression of dystrophin protein. In the mdx murine model systemic delivery of AON, recognizing the splice donor of dystrophin exon 23, has shown proof of concept. Here, we show that using cationic polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) (marked as T1) nanoparticles loaded with a low dose of 2'-O-methyl-phosphorothioate (2'OMePS) AON delivered by weekly intraperitoneal (IP) injection (0.9 mg/kg/week), could restore dystrophin expression in body-wide striated muscles. Delivery of an identical dose of naked AON did not result in detectable dystrophin expression. Transcription, western, and immunohistochemical analysis showed increased levels of dystrophin transcript and protein, and correct localization at the sarcolemma. This study shows that T1 nanoparticles have the capacity to bind and convoy AONs in body-wide muscle tissues and to reduce the dose required for dystrophin rescue. By immunofluorescence and electron microscopy studies, we highlighted the diffusion pathways of this compound. This nonviral approach may valuably improve the therapeutic usage of AONs in DMD as well as the delivery of RNA molecules with many implications in both basic research and medicine.Molecular Therapy (2009); doi:10.1038/mt.2009.8.