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What is insulin?

What is insulin? - Chemistry Forum

What is insulin? - Chemistry Forum. Discuss chemical reactions, chemistry.


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  #1  
Old 12-06-2009, 08:38 AM
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Default What is insulin?



Insulin is a hormone that is produced in the body. It works by helping your body to use sugar properly. This lowers the amount of glucose in the blood, which helps to treat diabetes. Insulin aspart is a fast-acting form of insulin.

Insulin is used to treat type 1 diabetes in adults and children who are at least 2 years old. Insulin aspart is usually given together with another long-acting form. Type 2 diabetes (non insulin dependent) is normally treated with other medications such as Januvia, Byetta, glyburide or metformin.

lookchem.com/Insulin
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Old 12-14-2009, 09:45 AM
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Default Re: What is insulin?

anti biotec
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Old 02-24-2010, 09:11 PM
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Default Re: What is insulin?

its a hormone
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Old 03-23-2010, 06:36 AM
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Default Re: What is insulin?

It is a hormone that is involved with the pancreas..
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Old 01-10-2012, 06:40 AM
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Default Re: What is insulin?

Patients with diabetes have an inability to take up and use glucose from the blood, and, as a result, the glucose level in the blood rises. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin. Therefore, insulin therapy is needed. In type 2 diabetes, patients produce insulin, but cells throughout the body do not respond normally to the insulin. Nevertheless, insulin also may be used in type 2 diabetes to overcome the resistance of the cells to insulin....


Last edited by admin; 01-15-2012 at 09:24 PM.
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Old 01-15-2012, 09:26 PM
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Default Re: What is insulin?

Insulin is a hormone which is required for the uptake of glucose in cells. It is produced by the pancreas.
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Old 03-22-2012, 11:20 AM
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Default Re: What is insulin?

Insulin is a hormone. It makes our body's cells absorb glucose from the blood. The glucose is stored in the liver and muscle as glycogen and stops the body from using fat as a source of energy.
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Old 04-04-2012, 04:20 AM
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Default Re: What is insulin?

It is a hormone broker that is involved with the pancreatic..
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Old 05-03-2012, 07:07 AM
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Default Re: What is insulin?

According to what I have read, Insulin is a hormone wherein in it is a chemical that circulates in the blood and affects many cells in many parts of the body. Insulin causes cells in the liver, muscle, and fat tissue to take up glucose from the blood, storing it as glycogen inside these tissues.
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Old 06-07-2012, 08:31 AM
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Default Re: What is insulin?

Insulin is a hormone that has profound effects on metabolism. Insulin causes cells in the liver, muscle, and fat tissue to take up glucose from the blood, storing it as glycogen in the liver and muscle, and stopping use of fat as an energy source. When insulin is absent (or low), glucose is not taken up by body cells, and the body begins to use fat as an energy source, for example, by transfer of lipids from adipose tissue to the liver for mobilization as an energy source. As its level is a central metabolic control mechanism, its status is also used as a control signal to other body systems (such as amino acid uptake by body cells). In addition, it has several other anabolic effects throughout the body.

When control of insulin levels fails, diabetes mellitus will result. Consequently insulin is used medically to treat some forms of diabetes mellitus. Patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus depend on external insulin (most commonly injected subcutaneously) for their survival because the hormone is no longer produced internally. Patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus are insulin resistant, and because of such resistance, may suffer from a ''relative'' insulin deficiency. Some patients with Type 2 diabetes may eventually require insulin if other medications fail to control blood glucose levels adequately, though this is somewhat uncommon.

Insulin also influences other body functions, such as vascular compliance and cognition. Once insulin enters the human brain, it enhances learning and memory and in particular benefits verbal memory.
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