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thaumatin (an amazing protein)

thaumatin (an amazing protein) - Biology Forum

thaumatin (an amazing protein) - Biology Forums. Ask questions and discuss the study of Biology. If you have Biology questions from your homework ask them here!


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Old 06-30-2006, 03:34 PM
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Default thaumatin (an amazing protein)



Hi
Thaumatin is an amazing protein that is reported to be 3000 times more sweeter then common sugar.
The natural proteins as a group are the sweetest compounds ever discovered. The sweet taste - which depends on nearly 100 different sensory receptors on the tongue - can be detected in the presence of thaumatin at concentrations well below one part protein molecule per 100 million parts of water. On a scale in which 0 refers to no sweetness, 1 refers to table sugar or sucrose, then thaumatin is nearly off the scale at 3,000, more than 10 times sweeter than other sugar substitutes like saccharin or aspartame.
As a non-caloric sweetener, thaumatin has attracted attention as a candidate for control of obesity, oral health and diabetic management. Thaumatin already is being marketed as a nutritional supplement in blood sugar stabilizers for childhood behavioral problems and the more than 3.5 million sufferers from attention deficit disorder. Among soft drink consumers alone, nearly 20.6 million tons of chemicals are used around the world - nearly 4 kilograms per capita, with a growth of about 20% towards the end of the decade.
Now an effort is being made to express the protien in yeast, so that it could be produced in large scale industrially.
it is about 208amino acid long protien with lot of glycosilation, so it could only be expressed in eukaryotic system to have the desried sweet properties of the protein.

aftab
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Old 06-30-2006, 08:06 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by aftabac
Hi
Thaumatin is an amazing protein that is reported to be 3000 times more sweeter then common sugar.
The natural proteins as a group are the sweetest compounds ever discovered. The sweet taste - which depends on nearly 100 different sensory receptors on the tongue - can be detected in the presence of thaumatin at concentrations well below one part protein molecule per 100 million parts of water. On a scale in which 0 refers to no sweetness, 1 refers to table sugar or sucrose, then thaumatin is nearly off the scale at 3,000, more than 10 times sweeter than other sugar substitutes like saccharin or aspartame.
As a non-caloric sweetener, thaumatin has attracted attention as a candidate for control of obesity, oral health and diabetic management. Thaumatin already is being marketed as a nutritional supplement in blood sugar stabilizers for childhood behavioral problems and the more than 3.5 million sufferers from attention deficit disorder. Among soft drink consumers alone, nearly 20.6 million tons of chemicals are used around the world - nearly 4 kilograms per capita, with a growth of about 20% towards the end of the decade.
Now an effort is being made to express the protien in yeast, so that it could be produced in large scale industrially.
it is about 208amino acid long protien with lot of glycosilation, so it could only be expressed in eukaryotic system to have the desried sweet properties of the protein.

aftab
Excellent and very exciting post aftabac!
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Old 06-30-2006, 08:10 PM
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Default Re: thaumatin (an amazing protein)

Cool post! I found this information on Thaumatins:

Thaumatins were first found as a mixture of proteins isolated from the katemfe fruit (Thaumatococcus daniellii Bennett) of west Africa.

The thaumatin family are natural sweeteners at least 2000 X more potent than table sugar. Although very sweet, thaumatin's taste is markedly different from sugar's. The sweetness of thaumatin builds very slowly, and upon fading leaves a lingering aftertaste that some find unpleasant. Some people report licorice-like elements in its flavor.
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